NCERT Solutions For Class 12 Geography Part B Chapter 11 International Trade
Q. Choose the right answers of the following from the given options.
(i) Trade between two countries is termed as:
(ii) Which one of the following is a land locked harbour?
(iii) Most of India’s foreign trade is carried through:
Q. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.
(i) Mention the characteristics of India’s foreign trade.
Ans. Over time, the nature of India’s overseas trade has evolved. Despite the fact that the overall volume of imports and exports increased, imports remained larger than the value of exports. Over the previous several years, there has also been a growth in the trade imbalance. This increase in the deficit is attributed to the price rise of crude petroleum, which forms a significant component of India’s international trade. The percentage of primary goods in India’s overall export has declined over the years, while the share of petroleum products has increased. The share of manufactured items has remained steady.
(ii) Distinguish between port and harbour.
|It is the location along the coast where the ship is anchored.||It is an area at sea providing shelter to the ship.|
|It provides ship loading and unloading facilities.||Ships are encouraged and protected from the elements such as waves and stromes.|
|Ports are generally artificially as well as natural.||It is typically a natural construction.|
|It has several amenities, such as cargo warehouses and well-built transit networks.||It has sufficient space for ships to be harboured.|
(iii) Explain the meaning of hinterland.
Ans. The region served by a port is known as the hinterland. It is a port’s zone of influence. It is an area that is located inland from a river or a seashore. The products of this area are sent to the port for export, and imported material is distributed here for sale and consumption. For xexample, the hinterlands of Kolkata port include
Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Jharkhand.
(iv) Name important items which India imports from different countries.
Ans. Food and associated products, petroleum, fertilisers, paper board manufacture and newsprint, capital goods, chemicals, pearls, precious and semi-precious stones, gold and silver are the most common things imported by India.
(v) Name the ports of India located on the east coast.
Ans. Major ports located on the east coast are Kolkata, Haldia, Paradip, Vishakhapatnam, Ennore, Chennai, and Tuticorin.
Q. Answer the following questions in about 150 words.
(i) Describe the composition of export and import trade of India.
(ii) Write a note on the changing nature of the international trade of India.
Ans. India strives to add up its share in international trade within the next five years. It has already begun to take appropriate steps, such as liberalising imports, lowering import taxes, de-licensing, and switching from method to product patents. India has commercial ties with the majority of the world’s countries and trading