Oswal Practice Papers CBSE Class 10 Social Science Solutions (Practice Paper - 10)

Section-A

  1. (d) The Vernacular Press Act aimed to control the freedom of the ‘native press’ by imposing stringent control over what they published.
  2. (a) Balgangadhar Tilak
  3. (b) Postage stamp with picture of Marianne
  4. (b) I, II, III and IV
  5. (b) Tea
  6. (a) Political party that runs government.
  7. (a) A-I, B-IV, C-II, D-III
  8. (d) Does not provide room to correct mistakes
  9. Which one of the following is a major caste group of Sri Lanka?

(a) Christian and Tamil

(b) Buddhist and Hindu

(c) Sinhala and Tamil

(d) Sinhala and Christian

Ans. (c) Sinhala and Tamil

  1. (d) Nordic
  2. (c) Municipal Corporation – Mayor
  3. (c) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong.
  4. (c) Power sharing reduces the chances of social conflicts.
  5. (b) 82%
  6. (b) Middle East
  7. (a) Bokaro, Jamshedpur, Vadodara, Vijaynagar
  8. (c) Traders
  9. (d) ₹7000
  10. (b) Assets owned by Government.
  11. (a) I & II

Section-B

21. Role of communities in the conservation of forest and wildlife can be explained as follows:

(i) ‘Sariska Tiger Reserve’ is situated in Rajasthan, here the people of nearby villages have fought against mining activities and protecting the natural habitat of wildlife.

(ii) In Alwar, Rajasthan, the people of five villages have declared 1200 hectare of forest as the Bhairodev Dakav ‘Sonchuri’. They set their own rules and regulations which do not allow hunting.

(iii) The famous Chipko movement by locals in the Himalayas successfully resisted the deforestation.

(Any two)

22. (A) The Non-Cooperation Movement was adopted enthusiastically by the people in towns and cities.

Some of the actions taken by the people were:

(i) Thousands of students left government schools and colleges.

(ii) Middle-class people participated enthusiastically in the movement, thousands of teachers and lawyers left their jobs and practices respectively.

OR

(B) The Inland Emigration Act of 1859 was troublesome for plantation workers because they were not permitted to leave the tea gardens without official permission. In fact people rarely got such permissions. They were also not allowed to go to their homes.

23. One party system:

There is the domination of only one political party in the country that forms the government on every occasion.

Example: The Communist Party of China

Two-Party system:

In the two-party system, the major competition for political power is between two parties.

Example: USA and U.K.

24. Demand deposits share the essential features of money because:

(i) With demand deposits, we can directly settle payments without the use of cash. The facility of cheques helps in this manner.

(ii) Along with currency, demand deposits are commonly accepted as a means of payment. Thus, they constitute money in the modern economy.

Section-C

25. Three reasons by which the affluent peasant communities took part in the Civil Disobedience Movement are enumerated as follows:

(i) Being producers of cash crops, they were dismayed by the global economic depression and subsequent falling prices of 1930s.

(ii) As their cash income abated, they found it difficult to meet the revenue demand of government.

(iii) There was a popular resentment among the rich peasants and they enthusiastically bolstered the movement.

26. (A) Resource planning is proper and judicious planning of resources.

The phases of resource planning are:

(i) Resource identification and inventory in different parts of the country. This includes the assessment, mapping, qualitative and quantitative estimation and resource measurement.

(ii) Development of a planning structure with the necessary technical skills and institutional capacity to implement resource development plans.

(iii) Matching the resource development with the overall plans of national development.

OR

(B) Major characteristics of Alluvial Soil are:

(i) Alluvial soil is considered as one of the most fertile soils amongst all soil types. Alluvial soil covers the entire northern plains in India.

(ii) Alluvial soil contains sand, silt and clay mainly due to silt deposited by the Indo-Gangetic Brahmaputra rivers. According to age, it is classified into Bhangar (old alluvial) and Khadar (new alluvial).

(iii) Alluvial soil contains an ample amount of potash, phosphoric acid and lime. This soil is ideal for the growth of crops like sugarcane, wheat and rice etc.

27.

S. No. Organised Sector Unorganised Sector
(i) They are registered with Government. They are not registered with government.
(ii) Fixed work times and extra payment facilities for overtime Work time is normally very long and no extra payments facilities for overtime.
(iii) Job security is there. Job security is not there.

28. Majoritarianism is practised in Sri Lanka in the following ways:

(i) In 1956, an Act was passed to recognise Sinhala as the only official language, thus disregarding Tamil.

(ii) The governments followed preferential policies that favoured Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs.

(iii) A new constitution stipulated that the state shall protect and foster Buddhism.

29. Tertiary sector is becoming important in India due to the following reasons:

(i) Basic services: Services such as hospitals, educational institutions, post and telegraph services, transport, banks, and insurance companies, are the part of tertiary sector.

(ii) Development of primary and secondary sectors: The development of agriculture and industry leads to the development of services such as transport, trade and storage.

(iii) Rise in income levels: As income levels rise, certain sections of people start demanding many more services like eating out, tourism, shopping, private hospitals, private schools and professional training centres.

(iv) Rise in information technology: Over the past decade or so, certain new services, such as those based on information and communication technology, have become essential. (Any three)

Section-D

30. (A) (i) The rationale behind decentralisation is that the regional issues can be better handled at the local level.

(ii) The people of the area know better about the problems of their area.

(iii) Elections are held regularly for the local government bodies at village, block, district, town and city levels. For conducting municipal and panchayat elections, an independent institution called the State Election Commission has been established in every State.

(iv) Some seats are reserved in the elected bodies for the Scheduled Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs) and Other Backward Classes (OBCs). One-third of all positions are kept reserved for woman candidates.

(v) These local bodies generate their revenues on their own. The State governments must share some powers and revenues with the local government bodies and the nature of sharing differs from State to State.

OR

(B) (i) Linguistic States after independence: In 1950, the boundaries of several old states were changed in order to create new states. This was done to ensure that the people who spoke the same language, share common culture, ethnicity or geography could live in the same state.

(ii) Language Policy: The Indian Constitution did not give the status of national language to any one of the languages. Though Hindi was identified as the optional language, but the central government has not imposed Hindi on states where people speak a different language.
Besides Hindi, there are 22 other languages recognised as Scheduled Languages by the Indian Constitution.

(iii) Centre State relations: Improving the Centre State relations is one more way in which federalism has been strengthened in practice. Though Indian Constitution has demarcated the powers of the Union and the state governments but still the Union government can have influence over the state in many ways.

In the past, the Central government has often misused the Constitution to dismiss the state governments that were controlled by rival parties. This undermined the spirit of federalism, and that of democracy.

31. (A) In the mid-nineteenth century, Germany was a coalition of smaller states that were inextricably intertwined as a German confederation. Austria dominated this confederation. In the 1860s, the dominant position of Austria was challenged by Prussia and the process of unification and
codification of German law started. In the 1840s, nationalist feelings were rampant in the hearts of the middle-class Germans. In 1848, the bourgeois intelligentsia united to form a nation-state out of the several German states. However, the monarchy and the military combined to subdue them
and they also achieved independence from the landowners of Prussia (the Junkers). Subsequently, Prussia became the leader of the German unification movement. Its chief minister Otto von Bismarck was the architect of the unification movement, supported by the Prussian army and
Prussian bureaucracy. The unification process was accomplished after Prussia triumphed over Austria, Denmark and France over seven years’ time. On January 1871, the Prussian King, Kaiser William I was proclaimed the German Emperor in a ceremony held at the Palace of Versailles.

OR

(B) In Britain, the establishment of the nation states was the culmination of long persistent process. Principal identities of the people were ethnic ones. All ethnic groups like English, Welsh, Scot or Irish had their own cultural and political traditions. The English nation continued to grow in wealth
and power. It was able to expand its influence over other nations. The Act of Union of 1707 between England and Scotland culminated in the development of the United Kingdom of Great Britain. The British parliament was dominated by the English. On the other hand, the Scottish influence began to wither away. These conditions resulted in many revolts. At the same time, the older nations were curbed to being subordinate partners in the arrangement. British flag and anthem were propagated in Britain. Ultimately, England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland came together to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain.

32. (A) (i) A safe and secure environment.

(ii) Quality friends and relatives.

Definitions:

(a) Infant Mortality Rate (or IMR) refers to the number of children that die before the age of one year as a proportion of 1000 live children born in that particular year.

(b) Literacy Rate is the measure of the proportion of literate population in the 7 and above age group.

(c) Net Attendance Ratio is the total number of children of age group 6-10 attending school as a percentage of total number of children in the same age group.

OR

(B) The per capita income is a simple criterion which is easy to calculate and understand the level of development in the society. So it is useful but it is not a comprehensive measure of human development. It only reflects the average income per person of the country but there are two limitations with this criterion.

(i) The first limitation is that this criterion is very much influenced by the extreme upper and lower values and fails to represent the level of equality of income.

(ii) Secondly, it does not represent the other indicators of quality of life like level of health and education which are equally or rather more important objectives for human development on which the magnitude of income depends. Kerala has Low Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and better level of education than those of Maharashtra that is why Kerala, though with lower per capita income has a better human development ranking than Maharashtra.

33. (A) Soil conservation includes all those measures which help in protecting the soil from erosion or degradation.

(i) Crop rotation: If the same crop is sown in the same field, year after year, this consumes certain nutrients from the soil making it infertile. Crop rotation can check this type of erosion.

(ii) Settled agriculture: Checking and reducing shifting agriculture by persuading the tribal people to switch over to settled agriculture.

(iii) Terracing and contour bunding: Terracing and contour bunding across the hill slopes is a very effective, and one of the oldest methods of soil conservation. Hill slope is cut into a number of terraces having horizontal top and steep slopes on the back and front. Contour bunding involves
the construction of bank along the contour.

(iv) Strip cropping: Large fields can be divided into strips. Strips of grass are left to grow between the crops. This breaks the force of the wind. This method is known as strip cropping.

(v) Shelter Belt: Planting lines of trees to create shelter also works in a similar way. Rows of such trees are called shelter belts. These belts have contributed significantly to the stabilisation of sand dunes and in establishing the desert in western India.

OR

(B) Anything which can be used to satisfy our needs is technologically accessible, economically, feasible and culturally acceptable can be termed as ‘Resource’.

The resources can be classified into various categories:

(i) On the basis of origin – biotic and abiotic

(ii) On the basis of exhaustibility – renewable and non-renewable

(iii) On the basis of ownership – individual, community, national and international

(iv) On the basis of status of development – potential, developed stock and reserves.

Section-E

34.1 Krishnaji wanted to publish important information concerning political, scientific and other developments in society and wanted to make the people aware of them.

34.2 The native newspapers and the political associations were the media through which the government policies were criticised and analysed. So in this way, both these acted as the opposition to the government.

34.3 Reasons for the popularity of newspapers in the nineteenth century were:

(i) A large section of society started taking interest in the political developments taking place in the nation and this was presented efficiently in the newspapers.

(ii) The newspapers became a source of social, cultural and scientific developments as well in society.

35.1 These are: watermelon, muskmelon, cucumber, vegetables and fodder crops.

35.2 It occurs due to western temperate cyclones and helps in the success of rabi crops.

35.3 (i) In this season, crops are grown with the onset of monsoon and harvested in September-October.

(ii) Some of the important kharif crops are paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, groundnut, etc.

36.1 (i) The concentration of power is in the hands of one or few leaders at the top.

(ii) Ordinary members of the party do not get sufficient information about party decisions and those who disagree with the decisions find it difficult to continue in the party. (Any one)

36.2 The Constitution was amended to prevent elected MLAs and MPs from changing parties. This was done because many elected representatives were indulging in defection in order to become ministers or for cash rewards. Now the law states that if any MLA or MP changes parties, he or she will lose the seat in the legislature. This new law has helped bring defection down.

Section-F

37.

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