NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 1 The French Revolution
Q. Society based on freedom, equal laws and opportunities was advocated by:
Q. Identify the main objective of the National Assembly to complete the draft of the constitution in 1791.
Q. Name the French Revolutionary who edited the paper L'Ami du peuple.
Q. On the night of 4 August 1789, the Assembly passed a decree abolishing the …………… of obligations and taxes.
Ans. feudal system
Q. Women were disappointed because the constitution of 1791 reduced them to passive citizens.
Q. Georges Denton sought to create a Republic of Virtue during the Reign of Terror.
|(1) National Assembly||(a) Napoleon Bonaparte|
|(2) Jacobin club||(b) Robespierre|
|(3) Military dictator||(c) Mirabeau and Abbé Sieyès|
|(4) Reign of Terror||(d) Maximilien Robespierre|
Ans. (1)-(c), (2)-(d), (3)-(a), (4)-(b)
Q. What laws did Napoleon introduce?
Ans. Napoleon introduced many laws such as the protection of private property and a uniform system of weights and measures provided by the decimal system.
Q. Why was the French government obliged to spend an increased percentage of its budget on interest payments alone?
Q. List some of the democratic rights that enjoyed today whose origins could be traced to the French Revolution.
Q. What was the Great Fear in French Revolution?
Q. Write a brief note on Napoleon Bonaparte and his policies and activities.
Q. Describe the circumstances leading to the outbreak of revolutionary protest in France.
Q. Would you agree with the view that the message of universal rights was beset with contradictions? Explain.
Q. Which groups of French society benefited from the revolution and which groups were forced to relinquish power? Which sections of society would have been disappointed with the outcome of the revolution?
Q. Describe the legacy of the French Revolution for the peoples of the world during the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries.
Reason (R): All members of the third estate had to pay taxes to the state.
The Church too extracted its share of taxes called tithes from the peasants, and finally, all members of the third estate had to pay taxes to the state. These included a direct tax, called taille, and a number of indirect taxes which were levied on articles of everyday consumption like salt or tobacco
Q. Assertion (A): Robespierre was convicted by a court in July 1794, arrested and on the next day sent to the guillotine.
Reason (R): Slavery was finally abolished in French colonies in 1848.