NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 4 Forest Society and Colonialism
Q. Identify the appropriate reason for the formation of the Indian Forest Service in 1864 from the options given below:
Q. Study the picture and answer the question that follows:
Which of the following aspects best signifies this image of the given line of tigers?
Q. The central part of Bastar is on a ____________ .
Q. Indian Forest Service was set up in the year________ .
Q. About 1800 to 3000 sleepers were required for each mile of railway track.
Q. About one-sixth of India's landmass was under cultivation in 1600 A.D.
Q. Name the communities living in Bastar.
Ans. Maria and Muria Gonds, Dhurwas, Bhatras and Halbas. Some communities living in Bastar.
Q. Who were ‘Kalanga’ of Java?
Ans. Skilled forest cutters and shifting cultivators were known as Kalanga.
Q. Which type of trees were preferred by the forest department? (any two)
Ans. The trees that are suitable for building ships and railways, such as sal , oak etc. were preferred by the forest department.
Q. What were siadi creepers used for?
Ans. Saidi creepers were used to make ropes.
Q. What was the work entrusted to the International War Tribunal set up in Nuremberg after the war?
Ans. The colonial government took over the forests, and gave vast areas to European planters at cheap rates. These areas were enclosed and cleared of forests and planted with tea, coffee and rubber to meet Europe’s growing needs for these commodities.
Q. Who was Gunda Dhur?
Ans. Gunda Dhur, from Nethanar village, was an important figure in Bastar forest rebellion.
Q. What steps were taken under the new scheme of scientific forestry?
Ans. Natural forests which had different types of trees, were cut down. In their place, one new type of trees were planted.
Q. Give two main reasons of rapid expansion of cultivation rapidly during the colonial period.
Ans. Cultivation increased rapidly during the colonial period because:
Q. How did forest trade by the local villagers get restricted by the regulations of the British government?
Ans. With the coming of the British, the forest trade by local villagers and adivasi communities got restricted and regulated by the British government.
Q. How and why did hunting of big animals become a sport?
Ans. In India, hunting of tigers and other animals had been part of the culture of the court and nobility for centuries. Many Mughal paintings show princes and emperors enjoying a hunt.
Q. How did the transformation of forests in Java begin?
Ans. Java was initially mostly covered with forests. It is now a famous rice-producing island in Indonesia.
Reason (R): The British directly encouraged the production of commercial crops like jute, sugar, wheat and cotton.
Ans. (b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
When the commercial government proposed to reserve two-thirds of the forest in 1905, and stop shifting cultivation, hunting and collection of forest produce, the people of Bastar were very worried.