NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 3 Nazism and the Rise of Hitler

Q. Identify the appropriate reason for the formation of the youth organisations from the options given below:

  • (a) For educating German youth in ‘the spirit of National Socialism’
  • (b) For educating the Jew youth in ‘the spirit of National Socialism’
  • (c) For training the youth of Germany to fight with the British in India.
  • (d) For training the German youth to take over US.
  • Ans. (a) For educating German youth in ‘the spirit of National Socialism’

Q. Which Act among the following established dictatorship in Germany?

  • (a) Enabling Act
  • (b) Vernacular Press Act, 1878
  • (c) The Regulating Act, 1773
  • (d) The Charter Act of 1853
  • Ans. (a) Enabling Act

Q. The Fire Decree of 28 February 1933 indefinitely suspended _________like freedom of speech, press and assembly that had been guaranteed by the _________ .

Ans. civic rights, Weimar Constitution

Q. The Nazi Party had become largest party by _________ . 

Ans. 1932

Q.  Article 47 gave the President powers to impose emergency, suspend civil rights and rule by decree.

Ans. False

Q. A plan to ease reparation terms on Germany was Dawes Plan.

Ans. True

Q. What is the German Parliament known as?

Ans. The German Parliament is known as the Reichstag.

Q. Which Article of the Weimar Constitution gave the President the powers to impose emergency, suspend civil rights and rule by decree?

Ans. Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution gave the President the powers to impose emergency, suspend civil rights and rule by decree.

Q. When was the Enabling Act passed in Germany?

Ans. On 3rd March, 1933.

Q. What was the significance of the Enabling Act?

Ans. The Enabling Act enabled Hitler to sideline the Parliament and rule by decree.

Q. What was the work entrusted to the International War Tribunal set up in Nuremberg after the war?

Ans. It was set up to prosecute Nazi war criminals for crimes against peace, for war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Q. Name the organisation set up for Nazi war criminals. Why was it set up?

Ans. An International Military Tribunal was set up at Nuremberg to prosecute Nazi war criminals for Crime against Peace, for War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity.

Q. What was Hitler’s hatred of Jews based on?

Ans. Hitler’s hatred of Jews was based on pseudoscientific theories of race, which held that conversion was no solution to ‘the Jewish problem’. It could be solved only through their total elimination.

Q. How did the Nazi state earn its reputation as the most dreaded criminal state? .

Ans. Special surveillance and security forces were created to control and order society in the ways the Nazi wanted.

  • (i) Besides the existing regular police in green uniform and the SA or the Storm Troopers, these included the Gestapo (secret state police), the SS (the protection squads), criminal police and the Security Service (SD).
  • (ii) The extra-constitutional powers of these newly organised forces gave Nazi state its reputation as the most dreaded criminal state.
  • (iii) People could now be detained in Gestapo torture chambers, rounded up and sent to concentration camps, deported at will or arrested without any legal procedures. The police forces acquired powers to rule with impunity.

Q. Describe Hitler’s ideology of living space.

Ans. Hitler’s ideology related to the geopolitical concept of Lebensraum or living space believed that new territories had to be acquired for settlement.

  • (i) This would expanse the area of the mother territory, while enabling the settlers on new lands to retain their link with the place of their origin.
  • (ii) It would enhance the material resources and power of the German nation.

Q. How did the Jews feel in Nazi Germany?

Ans. Charlotte Beradt secretly recorded people’s dreams in her diary and later published them in a highly disconcerting book called the The Third Reich of Dreams.

  • (i) She described how Jews themselves began believing in the Nazi stereotypes about them.
  • (ii) They dreamt of their hooked noses, black hair and eyes, Jewish looks and body movements.
  • (iii) The stereotypical images published in the Nazi press haunted the Jews.
  • (iv) They troubled them even in their dreams. Jews died many deaths even before they reached the gas chamber.
Q. Assertion (A): Germany was forced to pay compensation amounting to £6 billion.
Reason (R): The War Guilt Clause held Germany responsible for the war and damages the Allied countries suffered.

Ans. (a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

 Explanation :

Versailles with the Allies was a harsh and humiliating peace. Germany lost its overseas colonies, a tenth of its population, 13 per cent of its territories, 75 per cent of its iron and 26 per cent of its coal to France, Poland, Denmark and Lithuania.

Q. Assertion (A): By 1932, industrial production was reduced to 40 per cent of the 1929 level.
Reason (R): The political atmosphere in Berlin was charged with demands for Soviet-style governance.

Ans. (b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

 Explanation :

The German economy was worst hit by the economic crisis. German investments and industrial recovery were totally dependent on short-term loans, largely from the USA. This support was withdrawn when the Wall Street Exchange crashed in 1929.