NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 3 Nazism and the Rise of Hitler
Q. Identify the appropriate reason for the formation of the youth organisations from the options given below:
Q. Which Act among the following established dictatorship in Germany?
Q. The Fire Decree of 28 February 1933 indefinitely suspended _________like freedom of speech, press and assembly that had been guaranteed by the _________ .
Ans. civic rights, Weimar Constitution
Q. The Nazi Party had become largest party by _________ .
Q. Article 47 gave the President powers to impose emergency, suspend civil rights and rule by decree.
Q. A plan to ease reparation terms on Germany was Dawes Plan.
Q. What is the German Parliament known as?
Ans. The German Parliament is known as the Reichstag.
Q. Which Article of the Weimar Constitution gave the President the powers to impose emergency, suspend civil rights and rule by decree?
Ans. Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution gave the President the powers to impose emergency, suspend civil rights and rule by decree.
Q. When was the Enabling Act passed in Germany?
Ans. On 3rd March, 1933.
Q. What was the significance of the Enabling Act?
Ans. The Enabling Act enabled Hitler to sideline the Parliament and rule by decree.
Q. What was the work entrusted to the International War Tribunal set up in Nuremberg after the war?
Ans. It was set up to prosecute Nazi war criminals for crimes against peace, for war crimes and crimes against humanity.
Q. Name the organisation set up for Nazi war criminals. Why was it set up?
Ans. An International Military Tribunal was set up at Nuremberg to prosecute Nazi war criminals for Crime against Peace, for War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity.
Q. What was Hitler’s hatred of Jews based on?
Ans. Hitler’s hatred of Jews was based on pseudoscientific theories of race, which held that conversion was no solution to ‘the Jewish problem’. It could be solved only through their total elimination.
Q. How did the Nazi state earn its reputation as the most dreaded criminal state? .
Ans. Special surveillance and security forces were created to control and order society in the ways the Nazi wanted.
Q. Describe Hitler’s ideology of living space.
Ans. Hitler’s ideology related to the geopolitical concept of Lebensraum or living space believed that new territories had to be acquired for settlement.
Q. How did the Jews feel in Nazi Germany?
Ans. Charlotte Beradt secretly recorded people’s dreams in her diary and later published them in a highly disconcerting book called the The Third Reich of Dreams.
Reason (R): The War Guilt Clause held Germany responsible for the war and damages the Allied countries suffered.
Ans. (a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
Versailles with the Allies was a harsh and humiliating peace. Germany lost its overseas colonies, a tenth of its population, 13 per cent of its territories, 75 per cent of its iron and 26 per cent of its coal to France, Poland, Denmark and Lithuania.
Q. Assertion (A): By 1932, industrial production was reduced to 40 per cent of the 1929 level.
Reason (R): The political atmosphere in Berlin was charged with demands for Soviet-style governance.
Ans. (b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
The German economy was worst hit by the economic crisis. German investments and industrial recovery were totally dependent on short-term loans, largely from the USA. This support was withdrawn when the Wall Street Exchange crashed in 1929.
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