NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Economics Chapter 4 Poverty as a Challenge
Q. What is food security?
Q. Study the picture and answer the question that follows:
Which of the following options best signifies the picture?
Q. Which of the following options best signifies the picture?
Q. Which of the following options best describes the picture?
Q. ___________ crops have been intensively cultivated in the Green Revolution.
Ans. Wheat and Rice
Q. The rising MSP has reduced the maintenance cost of procuring food grains by the government.
|Column A||Column B|
|(1) Poverty and hunger||(a) It is lower than market price.|
|(2) Issue price||(b) To generate supplemen-tary wage employment.|
|(3) Ration shops||(c) Dimensions of food insecurity|
|(4) Food for work programme||(d) Fair price shops|
Ans. (1)-(c), (2)-(a), (3)-(d), (4)-(b)
Q. Which programme is launched for targeting the poor people in all areas of India?
Ans. Targeted Public Distribution System
Q. Which type of hunger persists year after year?
Ans. Seasonal hunger
Q. Which was the most devastating famine faced by India?
Ans. The Famine of Bengal 1943
Q. What do you understand by ‘seasonal hunger’?
Ans. Seasonal hunger is linked to the growing and harvesting of food. This is common in rural areas due to the seasonal nature of agricultural activity, as well as in urban areas due to the availability of casual labour. People in rural area fail to get enough food when there is no agricultural production and in urban area casual labourers do not have work throughout the year.
Q. When was rationing system introduced in India?
Ans. The rationing system was introduced in India in 1940s after the occurrence of disastrous Bengal famine.
Q. What happens to the supply of food when there is a disaster or a calamity?
Ans. When there is a disaster or any calamity the production of food grains decreases in the affected area. This in turn creates a shortage of food in the affected area. The price of goods goes up due to the shortage of food which in turn affects the purchasing power of the people. When there is any calamity in a widespread area or is for a very long period of time, it may cause a situation of starvation. A massive starvation might take a turn to famine.
A famine is defined by widespread mortality from mainutrition as well as infections induced by forced consumption of contaminated water or decaying food, as well as a lack of physical resistance due to starvation.
Q. What has our government done to provide food security to the poor? Discuss any two schemes launched by the government.
Ans. The schemes launched to provide food security to the poor include:
Q. Where did the Great Famine of 1943 take place? How many people were killed in this famine? How are we prepared to handle such a situation if it occurs now?
Ans. The Great Famine of 1943 took place in West Bengal. It was the most devastating famine that occurred in India. This famine killed 30 lakh people in Bengal. The incidence like this has not happened in India again. India’s preparedness to fight 1943 like situation are:
Q. Explain the measures adopted by the government of India to achieve self-sufficiency in food grains.
Ans. After independence, Indian policy makers adopted all measure to achieve self-sufficiency in food grains. Following measures were adopted by government of India to achieve self-sufficiency in food grains.
Q. Assertion (A): Seasonal hunger prevalent in rural and tribal areas.
Reason (R):The population in rural and tribal areas is mostly dependent on agriculture and it is a seasonal activity.
Ans. (a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
Agricultural activities are reliant on natural forces. Seasonal hunger is linked to the growing and harvesting of food. The population in rural and tribal areas is dependent on agriculture and associated industry activities employ 54.6 percent of the total workforce.