NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Civics Chapter 2 Constitutional Design

Q. 

answer2consitutionaldesign

Q. Which one of the following options best signifies this sign board?

  • (a) The oppression of the black during the apartheid system
  • (b) The oppression of the black in US during the Civil Rights Movement
  • (c) The oppression of the whites in South Africa by the blacks
  • (d) The oppression of the blacks by the Americans in South Africa
  • Ans. (a) The oppression of the black during the apartheid system

Q. An introductory statement in a constitution which state the reasons and guiding values of the constitution:

  • (a) Treason
  • (b) Apartheid
  • (c) Preamble
  • (d) Tryst
  • Ans. (c) Preamble

Q. The drafting of the document called the Constitution was done by an assembly of elected representatives called the Constituent Assembly.

Ans. True

Q. Elections to the Constituent Assembly were held in July 1946.

Ans. True

Q. Since 1950, blacks, coloured and Indians fought against the apartheid system.

Ans. True

Q. 

COLUMN A COLUMN B
(1) No external power can dictate the Government. (a) Republic
(2) The head of the state is an elected person and not a hereditary position. (b) Secular
(3) No one should treat a fellow citizen as inferior. (c) Sovereign
(4) Citizens have complete freedom to follow any religion. (d) Fraternity

Ans. (1)-(d), (2)-(c), (3)-(a), (4)-(b)

Q. What do you know about ‘The Long Walk to Freedom’?

Ans. ‘The Long Walk to Freedom’ is the autobiography of Nelson Mandela.

Q. The famous speech given by Pt. Nehru on the eve of Independence day is known as ............ .

Ans. Tryst with Destiny.

Q. Who was the chairman of the drafting committee of Indian Constitution, social revolutionary, thinker and agitator against caste divisions?

Ans. Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar was the chairman of the drafting committee of Indian Constitution, social revolutionary thinker and agitator against caste divisions.

Q. Why was Nelson Mandela and other leaders sentenced to life imprisonment in 1964?

Ans. Nelson Mandela and seven other leaders were sentenced to life imprisonment in 1964 by the white South African government for daring to oppose the apartheid regime in his country.

Q. What does the Preamble to the Indian Constitution provide to its citizen?

Ans. The Preamble to the Indian Constitution provides a standard to examine and evaluate any law and action of the government to find out whether it is good or bad. It is the soul of the Indian Constitution.

Q. How does the Indian Constitution describe the institutional arrangements in a very legal language?

  • Ans. (i) The Indian Constitution lays down a procedure for choosing persons to govern the country.
  • (ii) It defines who will have how much power to take which decisions.
  • (iii) It limits to what the government can do by providing some rights to the citizens that cannot be violated.

Q. Though the whites tortured and caused immense hardships for the blacks, the black leaders appealed to forgive the whites. Explain.

Ans. After the emergence of the new democratic South Africa, black leaders appealed to fellow blacks to forgive the whites for the atrocities they had committed while in power.

  • (i) They wanted to build a new South Africa based on equality of all races of men and women, on democratic values, social justice and human rights.
  • (ii) The party that ruled through oppression and brutal killings and the party that led the freedom struggle sat together to draw up a common constitution.

Q. Explain the terms justice and equality as stated in the Constitution of India.

  • Ans. Justice
  • (i) Citizens cannot be discriminated on the grounds of caste, religion and gender.
  • (ii) Social inequalities have to be reduced.
  • (iii) Government should work for the welfare of all, especially the disadvantaged groups.
  • Equality
  • (i) All are equal before the law.
  • (ii) The traditional social inequalities have to be ended
  • (iii) The government should ensure equal opportunity for all.

Q. Highlight on the matter of anxiety of Dr.Ambedkar while concluding the speech at the Constituent Assembly.

Ans. Dr Ambedkar in his concluding speech to the Constituent Assembly expressed his anxiety for the dalits.

  • (i) He was worried that in politics the dalits would enjoy equality but in social and economic life they would not be treated equally.
  • (ii) In politics, the dalits will also get the right to the principle of one-man, one vote one value. However, in social and economic life, they would be denied the principle of one man, one value as per the social and economic structure of India.
  • (iii) If equality is denied for long, it will put political democracy in peril.

Q. Give a description of the Preamble to the Constitution.

Ans. Values that inspired and guided the freedom struggle and were in turn nurtured by it, formed the foundation for India’s democracy.

  • (i) These values are embedded in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution.
  • (ii) They guide all the articles of the Indian Constitution. The Constitution begins with a short statement of its basic values. This is called the Preamble to the Constitution.
  • (iii) Taking inspiration form the American model, most countries in the contemporary world have chosen to begin their constitutions with a Preamble.
  • (iv) The Preamble of the Constitution reads like a poem on democracy. It contains the philosophy on which the entire Constitution has been built.
  • (v) It provides a standard to examine and evaluate any law and action of government, to find out whether it is good or bad. It is the soul of the Indian Constitution.
Q. Assertion (A): Many sensitive whites also joined the ANC to oppose apartheid and played a leading role in this struggle.
Reason (R):
Since 1950, the Americans fought against the apartheid system.

Ans. (c) A is correct but R is wrong.

 Explanation :

Since 1950, the blacks, coloured and Indians fought against the apartheid system.

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