NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Population

Q. Who among the following are resource creating factors as well as resources themselves?
(a) Animals
(b) Plants
(c) Human beings
(d) Nature

Ans. (c) Human beings

Q. Migration changes the number, distribution and composition of the population in________
(a) the area of departure
(b) the area of arrival
(c) both the area of departure and arrival
(d) none of the above

Ans. (c) Both the area of departure and arrival

Q. According to the Census, a “literate” person is one who:
(a) can read and write his/her name
(b) can read and write any language
(c) is 7 years old and can read and write any language with understanding
(d) knows the 3 ‘R’s (reading, writing, arithmetic)

Ans. (c) is 7 years old and can read and write any language with understanding

Q. _______is an important determinant of population change.

Ans. Migration

Q. Population is the pivotal element in social studies.

Ans. True

Q. Migration is the movement of people across regions and territories.

Ans. True


(1) Processes of Population Change/Growth (a) Characteristics of a population
(2) Census(2) Tropical deciduous forest (b) Determinant of population change
(3) Migration (c) Successfully taken in 1881
(4) Age Composition (d) Birth rate/Death rate

(a) (1)-(a), (2)-(b), (3)-(c), (4)-(d)
(b) (1)-(d), (2)-(c), (3)-(b), (4)-(a)
(c) (1)-(b), (2)-(c), (3)-(a), (4)-(d)
(d) (1)-(c), (2)-(b), (3)-(d), (4)-(a)

Ans. (b) (1)-(d), (2)-(c), (3)-(b), (4)-(a)

Q. Name two factors that are serious obstacle for economic improvement.

Ans. Illiteracy and malnutrition.

Q. Name the most populous country of the world.

Ans. China.

Q. Name the state having the lowest percentage of literacy level.

Ans. Bihar.

Q. Which is the second most populated union territory in India as per 2011 census?

Ans. Puducherry.

Q. Why is the rate of population growth in India declining since 1981?

Ans. Since 1981, however, the rate of growth started declining gradually. During this period, birth rates declined rapidly. 182 million people were added to the total population in the 1990s alone.

Q. How is migration a determinant factor of population change?

Ans. Migration is the movement of people across regions and territories. Migration can be internal (within the country) or international (between the countries). Internal migration does not change the size of the population of a country but influences the distribution of population within the nation. Migration plays a very significant role in changing the composition and distribution of population.

Q. What is the relation between occupational structure and development?

Ans. The percentage of a population that is economically active is an important index of development. The distribution of the population according to different types of occupation is referred to as the occupational structure. An enormous variety of occupations are found in any country. The proportion of people working in different activities varies in developed and developing countries.
(i) Developed nations have a high proportion of people in secondary, and tertiary activities.
(ii) The proportion of the population dependent on secondary and tertiary sectors is about 13 and 20 per cent respectively. There has been an occupational shift in favour of secondary and tertiary sectors because of growing industrialisation and urbanisation in recent times.

Q. What are the advantages of having a healthy population?

Ans. Health is an important component of population composition, which affects the process of development.
(i) Healthy person contributes positively in national development.
(ii) The working capacity of a healthy person is always higher than a sick person.
(iii) Healthy person is neither a liability on his family nor on government rather he/she is an asset for both.

Q. What are the significant features of the National Population Policy 2000?

Ans. The significant features of the National Population Policy 2000 are:
(i) NPP 2000 identified adolescents as one of the major sections of the population that need greater attention.
(ii) Beside nutritional requirements, the policy puts greater emphasis on other important needs of adolescents including protection from unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
(iii) It has called for programmes that aim towards encouraging delayed marriage and child-bearing, education of adolescents about the risks of unprotected sex, making contraceptive services accessible and affordable, providing food supplements, nutritional services, and also strengthening legal measures to prevent child marriage.

Q. What are the significant features of the Indian population?

Ans. (i) The most significant feature of the Indian population is the size of its adolescent population.
(ii) It constitutes one-fifth of the total population of World.
(iii) Another feature of Indian population is its large size. Total population as on 2011 census was 1.21 billion.
(iv) The population of India is not equally distributed. Almost half of India’s population lives in just five states. These are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh.
(v) The population density of India in the year 2011 was 382 persons per sq km. Densities vary from 1,102 persons per sq km in Bihar to only 17 persons per sq km in Arunachal Pradesh.
(vi) India’s population has been steadily increasing from 361 million in 1951 to 1210 million in 2011.

Q. How people are important to develop the economy and the society?

Ans. The people are important to develop the economy and the society. The people make and use resources and are themselves resources with varying quality. Coal is nothing but a piece of rock, until people were able to invent technology to obtain it and make it ‘resource’. Natural events, like a flood or a tsunami, becomes a ‘disaster’ only when they affect a crowded village or a town.
Hence, population is the pivotal element in social studies. It is the point of reference from which all other elements are observed and from which they derive significance and meaning. ‘Resources’, ‘calamities’ and ‘disasters’ are all meaningful only in relation to human beings. Their numbers, distribution, growth and characteristics or qualities provide the basic background for understanding and appreciating all aspects of the environment.

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