NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Civics Chapter 4 Working of Instiutions
Q. Why is there a need for political institutions?
Q. Distinguish between Political executive and Permanent executive.
|Political Executive||Permanent Executive|
|(i) They are elected by the people.||(i) They are appointed by the government.|
|(ii) They are makers of law and policies.||(ii) They are in charge of execution of the policies of the government.|
|(iii) They are elected by the people and can be changed in the next elections.||(iii) They are permanent and remain in office even when the ruling party changes.|
Q. Our Constitution does give the Rajya Sabha some special powers over the states, but Lok Sabha exercises supreme power. How? Explain.
|Lok Sabha||Rajya Sabha|
|Tenure:||Five years but it can be dissolved before the expiry of its term.||It is a permanent House. A member stays for 6 years.|
|Elections:||Members are directly elected.||Members are indirectly elected.|
|Powers:||Money bill: Money bill can originated only in the Lok Sabha||Money bill cannot originate in the Rajya Sabha.|
|Changes in the money bill: It has the powers to bring changes in the money bill.||It has no power to bring any change in the money bill. It can provide suggestions or can delay the bill by 14 days.|
|Council of Ministers: Council of Ministers is controlled by the Lok Sabha.||The Rajya Sabha has no powers to control the Council of Ministers.|