Independence Day Essay in English For Students and Children

independence day essay in english

Every Indian has a special place in their heart for Independence Day. Every year on August 15th, people celebrate a day of unity, patriotism, and pride. Today commemorates India’s great march towards independence from British colonial domination. Our liberation fighters’ sacrifices, sufferings, and unflinching resolve prepared the ground for the establishment of a sovereign nation. So, on this special occasion of the 77th Independence Day 2023, as India is going to complete 76 years of being Independent, we have bought this essay for you. On this, we are going to talk about the background, significance, festivities, and frequently asked questions of the Independence Day Essay. So, let’s dive into it.

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Historical Background

Let’s begin this Independence Day essay by talking about its history. The struggle for India’s independence spanned decades and was marked by numerous acts of resistance, civil disobedience, and sacrifices. Right from the beginning of the British Raj in India, while thousands of Indians gave up their freedom with no other option in hand, the hearts of some courageous Indians always quivered to breathe in the open air. 

Some leaders showed their bravery and sacrificed their lives for their motherland while some took every possible legal action to live the dream that was somewhere in every Indian’s eye. Names like Bhagat Singh, Maharani Laxmi Bai, Mangal Pandey, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and many other brave heroes still live in our hearts. The fight for freedom was long but the turning point came with the tireless efforts of Mahatma Gandhi, who along with many others led the nonviolent civil disobedience movement against British rule. 

The Quit India Movement of 1942 marked a pivotal moment in the fight for independence, as it led to widespread protests and demonstrations across the country. Finally, on August 15, 1947, India achieved its long-awaited independence, marking the end of almost two centuries of colonial rule.

Freedom Fighters and Their Sacrifices

freedom fighters independence day essay

This Independence Day essay can not be considered complete without talking about the brave freedom fighters of our nation and the sacrifices they made to bring this hard-earned freedom. In a single line, it would not be wrong to say that India could not have acquired freedom without the efforts of freedom fighters. 

Some of the most celebrated freedom fighters of our nation are Jawaharlal Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi, Maharani Laxmi Bai, Bhagat Singh, and Bal Gangadhar Tilak but in this Independence Day essay, we also need to talk about the unsung heroes of the freedom struggle. Some of the less celebrated fighters are Khudhiram Bose, Peer Ali Khan, Senapati Bapat, Birsa Munda, and many others because without them freedom would have been a far-fetched dream. It would not be wrong to say that we all owe it to freedom fighters that we can breathe in Independent India. 

Tryst with Destiny: Nehru’s Speech

nehru's speech independence day essay

“Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom.” is a line that every Indian remembers by heart. 

On August 14, 1947, Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister, discussed a significant historical event that led to India’s independence in his famous “Tryst with Destiny” address. He voiced optimism for a time when colonialism would be abolished and the nation would realize its full potential.

 A nation prepared to set off on a new path was moved by Nehru’s powerful comments, which emphasized unity and the possibility of progress. His speech, delivered as the country transitioned into an era of self-governance and self-determination, stands as a tribute to India’s ethos, inspiring the principles of democracy, social fairness, and harmony.

Also Read: Independence Day Speech in English

Celebrations and Traditions

independence day celebration essay

Independence Day is celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervour across the country. The main event takes place at the Red Fort in New Delhi, where the Prime Minister hoists the national flag and delivers a speech to the nation. The tricolour flag, with its saffron, white, and green bands, represents courage, peace, and growth. The national anthem, “Jana Gana Mana,” resonates in the air, filling every heart with pride.

Parades, cultural programs, and patriotic songs are organised in schools, colleges, and public spaces. It has been a tradition of school children for years to paint the national flag on there and watch all the festivities. People decorate their homes and streets with flags, flowers, and ribbons, creating an atmosphere of unity and patriotism. And yes, how can we forget about kite flying while talking about Independence traditions? As it is something that small-town India looks forward to while celebrating the festival of freedom. 

Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav

azadi ka amrit mahotsav essay

The Indian government launched an innovative initiative called “Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav” to mark the country’s independence’s 75th anniversary. The phrase “Amrit Mahotsav” means “Elixir Celebrations,” signifying the importance of this turning point in the history of the country. 

The project seeks to honour the spirit of freedom, remember the sacrifices made by those who fought for independence, and take stock of India’s development and accomplishments during the last 75 years. Its main movie was to light a fire of spirit in the hearts of citizens as the nation completed the landmark of 75 years of freedom.

 It consists of a series of events, activities, and initiatives that honour the struggles and contributions of freedom fighters, leaders, and citizens. And its core idea is to keep reminding the citizens about the vibrant culture and diversity of the nation and how we should respect it in every way possible. 

The Importance for Students and Children

In this Independence Day essay, we also need to throw light on why children need to know about this day. Every year Independence Day is celebrated not only to cherish the freedom that was hard earned but also to tell the upcoming generation about its importance and all the struggle that went into bringing glory to the nation. 

Decades have passed but that doesn’t mean that we should forget the sacrifices of the brave heroes of our land and that is why the upcoming generations need to know all about the freedom struggle and respect it. Celebration of this day helps in creating historical awareness, developing a spirit of patriotism, character building, emotional connection with the nation, and a sense of civic responsibility in the future citizens.

In short, it can be said that the Independence Day celebration is a vital aspect of a child’s and student’s holistic growth. 

Modern Celebrations and the Pandemic

The pandemic showed a whole new aspect to people in every way possible and this independence day essay would be incomplete without talking about modern pandemic celebrations. Because pandemic might have shut down the world but it was unable to shut down the spirits of people to celebrate this day. 

People came up with the idea of virtual flag hosting and online cultural programs exactly like normal days. Be it group dance, patriotic singing competition, or historical skits everything was the same the only difference was people took part in them by sitting in front of their laptop screens. Apart from them, many other initiatives like online essay competitions, quiz competitions, interactive webinars, and community services were also taken by schools and other organisations to celebrate this day. 

Conclusion: Carrying Forward the Legacy

So, to conclude this Independence Day essay it can be said that Independence Day honours the energy and fortitude of India and serves as a reminder of the many people who gave their lives to preserve our freedom. Let’s keep in mind the challenges and victories that influenced the future of our country as we raise our tricolour flag.

 This day serves as a reminder that having the right to exercise one’s freedom comes with a duty to promote the principles of harmony, variety, and growth for present and future generations.

FAQs on Independence Day Essay

Q1. Why is Independence Day celebrated on August 15th?

Ans. The Indian Independence Act of 1947, which released India from British rule, went into effect on August 15, 1947. This action led to the division of India into the nations of Pakistan and India. And that is why Independence Day is celebrated on the same day. 

Q2. What is the significance of the tricolour flag hoisting on Independence Day?

Ans. The raising of the tricolour flag, which features the Ashoka Chakra and bands of saffron, white, and green, represents India’s growth, diversity, and unity. The flag’s colours and symbols each have a distinct meaning that reflects different facets of the nation’s spirit.

Q3. What is the role of schools and educational institutions in Independence Day celebrations?

Ans. Schools and other educational institutions are crucial in encouraging children to feel patriotic. To inform kids about the importance of Independence Day and the sacrifices made by freedom warriors, they organise flag-raising ceremonies, cultural events, and several other activities.

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