Current Affairs

Republic Day 2024 Celebration: Chief Guest, History, Significance and Importance

republic day 2024 celebration

Republic Day in 2024 holds immense significance as it commemorates the adoption of the Indian Constitution on 26 January 1950, marking a historic milestone in the country’s journey towards becoming a sovereign republic. This annual Republic Day Celebration serves as a poignant reminder of the values enshrined in the Constitution and the democratic principles that form the foundation of the Indian nation.

The importance of Republic Day lies in its role as a symbol of India’s commitment to democracy, justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity. The adoption of the Constitution on this day signifies the culmination of the struggles and sacrifices made during the independence movement and the establishment of a government of the people, by the people, and for the people.

The Republic Day program in 2024 is expected to be a grand spectacle, showcasing the nation’s cultural diversity, military prowess, and unity. The Republic Day Parade, a central component of the festivities, will feature vibrant displays of India’s military strength, technological achievements, and cultural heritage.

Republic Day 2024 is a historical tribute and a living testament to India’s ongoing journey as a vibrant and dynamic democracy. It serves as a moment for reflection on the progress made, the challenges faced, and the aspirations for the future.

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Why We Celebrate Republic Day on 26th January?

Let us read Why 26 January is Celebrated as Republic Day.

The choice of January 26th holds profound historical significance, rooted in the declaration of the “Purna Swaraj” resolution by the Indian National Congress on this very day in 1930, emphasising the pursuit of complete self-rule. Officially, India Became a Republic on January 26, 1950, marking a momentous historical occasion.

Let us understand in detail. During its Lahore session on December 19th, 1929, the Indian National Congress issued a significant “Purna Swaraj” resolution translating to complete self-rule. This resolution declared that January 26th, 1930, would be celebrated as “Independence Day.” Along the banks of the Ravi River in Lahore, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, serving as the President of the Congress Party, proudly unfurled the tricolour flag.

For the subsequent 17 years, this day gained prominence as Poorna Swaraj Day. The association of January 26th with national pride became even more profound when, on November 26th, 1949, the Indian Constitution was officially adopted, prompting many to emphasise commemorating and upholding this historic document on the same day, marking a continuation of the tradition initiated in 1930.

What is The Significance of Republic Day?

The primary Significance of 26 January lies in its role as a symbol of India’s commitment to democracy and constitutional governance. The adoption of the Constitution marked the culmination of the country’s struggle for independence, encapsulating the aspirations and ideals of a diverse and dynamic nation. The Constitution, emphasising justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity, guided India’s democratic framework.

The celebration of Republic Day is a reaffirmation of the values enshrined in the Constitution. It serves as a reminder of the sacrifices made by the freedom fighters who envisioned a free and democratic India. The day is an opportunity for citizens to reflect on the rights and responsibilities of living in a democratic society.

Symbolically, Republic Day showcases the unity in diversity that defines India. The grand Republic Day Parade in the national capital, featuring the military, cultural displays, and tableaux representing various states and Union Territories, exemplifies the rich tapestry of the country’s heritage. It emphasises the nation’s inclusivity, celebrating its diverse cultures, traditions, and languages.

Beyond its symbolic significance, Republic Day fosters a sense of national pride and patriotism. The national flag’s hoisting, the national anthem’s singing, and the patriotic fervour permeating the air during the celebrations evoke a collective spirit of unity. It is the day citizens come together to celebrate their identity as Indians, irrespective of regional, linguistic, or cultural differences.

Republic Day also serves as a platform for introspection and progress. It encourages the nation to reflect on its achievements, challenges, and the ongoing journey toward realising the constitutional ideals.

Who is Chosen as The Chief Guest for Republic Day 2024?

republic day 2024 chief guest

The distinguished honour of being chosen as the Chief Guest for Republic Day 2024 in India celebrations falls upon the esteemed President of France, Emmanuel Macron. This selection is a testament to the hearty diplomatic relationship and longstanding ties between India and France, highlighting the significance of their partnership on the global stage.

Emmanuel Macron’s presence as the Chief Guest of Republic Day 2024 holds special significance. It marks the sixth occasion when a French leader has been accorded this prestigious role in the Republic Day festivities. This tradition underscores the depth and strength of the strategic alliance between the two nations, emphasising mutual respect, cooperation, and shared values.

The choice of President Macron as Republic Day Chief Guest 2024 symbolises diplomatic companionship and acknowledges France’s role as a key partner in India’s journey towards progress and development. The Republic celebrations provide an ideal platform to showcase the camaraderie and cooperation between India and France on various fronts, including defence, trade, culture, and environmental initiatives.

As the Chief Guest, President Macron’s participation adds a touch of international flair to the festivities, elevating the event to a global stage. It serves as an opportunity for both nations to reaffirm their commitment to strengthening bilateral ties and addressing shared challenges.

Moreover, the choice of President Macron as the Chief Guest also reflects the admiration for France’s contributions to art, culture, and global affairs. It is a moment to celebrate the enduring friendship between the two countries and to showcase the shared values of liberty, equality, and fraternity that bind India and France.

Republic Day 2024 Theme, Venue and Time

Republic Day 2024 Theme

Republic Day 2024 promises to be a grand celebration with a carefully chosen theme that encapsulates the essence of India’s democratic spirit and its aspirations for development. The theme for this momentous occasion is ”India – Mother of Democracy” and ”Viksit Bharat” (Developed India). This dual theme reflects the nation’s commitment to democratic principles, showcasing India’s pivotal role as the cradle of democracy while simultaneously projecting a vision of a future marked by progress, growth, and comprehensive development.

 ”India – Mother of Democracy” pays homage to the robust democratic framework that has evolved and thrived in the country over the years. Simultaneously, the theme of ”Viksit Bharat” (Developed India) signals a forward-looking perspective, emphasising India’s commitment to achieving comprehensive development across various sectors.

The Republic Day Parade, a central highlight of the celebrations, is set to commence at 9:30 am, adding an air of anticipation and excitement. Starting at 10:00 AM, the main event promises to showcase India’s cultural diversity, military prowess, and technological advancements.

The venue for these grand celebrations is from Raisina Hill near Rashtrapati Bhavan, the official residence of the President of India, to the iconic Red Fort. The parade covers over five kilometres through Rajpath, a ceremonial avenue that witnesses the unfolding of this majestic spectacle.

Raisina Hill, with its panoramic view, provides a picturesque backdrop for the Republic Day celebrations, creating a setting that resonates with historical and cultural significance. The route through Rajpath, flanked by lush greenery, offers a symbolic journey from the seat of the President’s power to the historic Red Fort, representing the resilience and continuity of India’s democratic ideals.

Republic Day 2024 Celebrations, Events and Cultural Performances

Gantantra Diwas 2024 is poised to showcase patriotism, cultural diversity, and national pride. At the heart of the celebrations is the Republic Day Parade 2024, a grand procession that unfolds on the historic Rajpath in the capital city, New Delhi. This parade is a visual extravaganza featuring a harmonious blend of military precision, cultural richness, and artistic expression. The Ministry of Defence organises the event and drew participants from the Indian Army, Navy, Air Force, paramilitary, and police forces.

The military contingents, bedecked in ceremonial uniforms and adorned with medals and decorations, march with precision and discipline, symbolising the strength and unity of the Indian armed forces. The parade also showcases an array of military vehicles, weaponry, and equipment, underscoring India’s commitment to national defence.

In the upcoming Republic Day Parade 2024, two exclusively female contingents from the defence forces will participate. According to defence officials, one of the contingents, consisting of 144 personnel, will be female soldiers, with 60 from the Army and the remaining members from the Indian Air Force and Indian Navy.

Various states and Union Territories come together to present colourful and thematic tableaux, offering a visual narrative of their unique cultural heritage, historical significance, and artistic achievements.

The Beating Retreat ceremony takes centre stage as the sun sets on Republic Day. This musical show is a spellbinding performance by the bands of the Indian Army, Navy, and Air Force. Held at the historic Vijay Chowk, the ceremony marks the formal conclusion of the Republic Day celebrations.

The evening of the 26 January Celebration will witness a distinguished ceremony where the President of India will confer the Padma Awards to individuals who have excelled in various fields. These awards, including Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, and Padma Shri, recognise outstanding contributions to arts, science, literature, sports, and public service.

National Flag Hoisting on Republic Day

On Republic Day, an influential and symbolic tradition unfolds as the President of India unfurls the national flag, signifying the nation’s unity, sovereignty, and pride. This significant ceremony is held at the historic Red Fort, an iconic structure that resonates with historical importance, in the heart of Delhi.

The Flag Hoisting Time on 26 January 2024 is 10:00 AM. This carefully chosen time aligns with the official commencement of the Republic Day festivities.

The ceremony is attended by dignitaries, political leaders, and the general public, creating an atmosphere charged with patriotic fervour. The President’s address following the flag hoisting further underscores the occasion’s significance, providing an opportunity to reflect on the nation’s progress, challenges, and aspirations.

The flag-hoisting ceremony is not just a ritual but a living expression of India’s democratic ethos and a manifestation of the collective spirit that binds its diverse populace.

What is the Importance of Republic Day Parades and Pageantry?

republic day parade 2024

Republic Day parades and pageantry hold immense significance as they serve as a vibrant and dynamic expression of India’s multifaceted identity, encapsulating its military prowess, cultural diversity, and national pride.

One of the primary aspects showcased during Republic Day parades is India’s formidable military strength. The meticulously choreographed march-past by the armed forces, including the Army, Navy, and Air Force, exemplifies the discipline, precision, and readiness of the country’s defence capabilities. The display of military hardware, weaponry, and advanced technology highlights India’s commitment to safeguarding its sovereignty and territorial integrity.

Cultural richness takes centre stage during these parades as well. Various states and Union Territories participate, presenting colourful and thematic tableaux that depict their unique heritage, traditional art forms, and historical landmarks. It becomes a moment to celebrate unity in diversity, emphasising the nation’s inclusivity.

The parade serves as a platform to showcase India’s science, technology, and innovation advancements. From indigenous military equipment to space exploration achievements, the parade becomes a testimony to the strides made by the country on various fronts.

How do Public Participate During Republic Day?

One of the most notable ways citizens engage is by attending events, notably the Republic Day Parade. People throng to the designated venues, often in the capital city and other major cities, to witness the grand spectacle firsthand. The streets come alive with a sea of faces as individuals from different walks of life converge to celebrate the democratic spirit and cultural diversity.

Television has become a powerful medium for participation for those unable to attend in person. Millions of viewers across the country tune in to watch the live broadcast of the Republic Day Parade, immersing themselves in the pageantry, cultural performances, and displays of military might.

Another significant way in which the public actively participates is through flag-hoisting ceremonies. Schools, colleges, and local communities organise these ceremonies, providing a platform for citizens to come together and pay homage to the national flag.

In the digital age, social media platforms have become a powerful space for public participation during Republic Day. Individuals use these platforms to share patriotic sentiments, express solidarity with the nation, and disseminate information about the day’s significance. Hashtags related to Republic Day trend widely, creating a virtual community where citizens engage in discussions, share photos and celebrate the occasion collectively.

Additionally, artistic expressions such as patriotic songs, poems, and artwork surface on various platforms, showcasing the creative ways citizens contribute to the Republic Day fervour. Community events, cultural programs, and exhibitions organised locally allow citizens to participate and contribute actively to the festive atmosphere.

What Is the Educational Significance of Republic Day?    

This annual 26 January Celebration becomes a living classroom, fostering an environment beyond textbooks and traditional learning methods.

One of the key educational aspects of Republic Day lies in its role as a commemoration of the adoption of the Indian Constitution. Educational institutions leverage this occasion to organise special programs, assemblies, and events that delve into the historical context, emphasising the struggles, sacrifices, and aspirations that led to the framing of the Constitution. Students are given insights into the visionary minds behind this foundational document, such as Dr B R Ambedkar, who chaired the Drafting Committee.

Students actively participate in flag-hoisting ceremonies, cultural performances, and discussions about the democratic principles that govern the nation. This engagement cultivates a sense of responsibility, citizenship, and an understanding of the democratic processes that underpin the country’s governance.

Patriotism, a core aspect of Republic Day celebrations, is instilled through various educational initiatives. Schools and colleges organise activities encouraging students to reflect on the significance of being an active and responsible citizen. Debates, essay competitions, and projects centred around the theme of Republic Day provide students with opportunities to delve deeper into the concepts of liberty, equality, and fraternity.

Students actively participate in creating artistic representations, such as drawings, paintings, and performances, that reflect the diverse cultural heritage and unity in diversity of India. This enhances their artistic skills and deepens their understanding of the nation’s rich tapestry.


Republic Day is a momentous occasion that symbolises India’s democratic ideals. It fosters a sense of unity and pride among citizens, reminding them of the constitutional principles that guide the nation. The celebrations showcase India’s rich cultural diversity and its commitment to democracy.

Republic Day is a collective reflection on the nation’s journey, highlighting its progress, challenges, and aspirations. Beyond the festivities, it becomes an opportunity for citizens to renew their commitment to the principles of democracy, social justice, and inclusivity. The reaffirmation of these values strengthens the democratic fabric of the nation and also inspires future generations to uphold and cherish the ideals that shape India’s destiny.

More Current Affairs Topics:
Independence DayInternational Literacy Day
World Students DayWorld Teachers Day
World Ozone DayNational Science Day
National Productivity DayNational Education Day
International Students DayNational Mathematics Day

FAQs on Republic Day 2024

Q1. Who was the first Chief Guest at the Republic Day parade?

Ans. The first Chief Guest at India’s Republic Day parade was Indonesian President Sukarno on January 26, 1950.

Q2. How can the public watch the Republic Day Parade 2024?

Ans. The Republic Day Parade with commentary will be aired on all Doordarshan channels.

Q3. What is the theme of Republic Day 2024?

Ans. The theme for Republic Day 2024 is ”India – Mother of Democracy” and ”Viksit Bharat” (Developed India).

Q4. Why is 26 January celebrated as Republic Day?

Ans. January 26th is Republic Day to commemorate when the Indian Constitution came into effect in 1950, emphasising the values of self-rule and democracy.

Q5. What is the difference between Republic Day and Independence Day?

Ans. Independence Day, observed on August 15th, marks the liberation from British rule in 1947. Republic Day on January 26th commemorates the adoption of the Indian Constitution in 1950, signifying the transition to a sovereign democratic republic with the Republic Day Parade as a central event.

Q6. Why do we celebrate Republic Day?

Ans. We celebrate Republic Day to honour the adoption of the Indian Constitution on January 26th, 1950, as India Became a Sovereign Democratic Republic on this day.

Q7. When was the first Republic Day celebrated in India?

Ans. The first Republic Day was celebrated in India on January 26th, 1950, marking the official adoption of the Indian Constitution.

Q8. How many years of Republic Day 2024?

Ans. As of Republic Day 2024, India has completed 74 years as a sovereign democratic republic. The first Republic Day was celebrated on January 26, 1950, marking the adoption of the Indian Constitution.

Q9. Is it 75th Republic Day 2024?

Ans. Yes, India is celebrating its 75th Republic Day on 26 January 2024!

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