ICSE Class 9 Chemistry Syllabus 2024-25

CISCE has released the Latest Updated Syllabus of the New Academic Session 2024-25, for class 9. Students must refer to www.cisce.org under the ‘Regulations and Syllabuses’ page for ICSE 2026.

ICSE class 9 Chemistry  Syllabus has been revised and updated for the new session 2024-25. It’s very important for both Teachers and Students to understand the changes and strictly follow the topics covered in ICSE class 9 Chemistry 2024-25.

We have also updated Oswal Gurukul Books as per the Latest Paper Pattern prescribed by CISCE Board for ICSE class 9 Chemistry 2024-25.

Students can directly access the ICSE Chemistry Syllabus for Class 9 of the academic year 2024-25 by clicking on the link below

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ICSE Chemistry Class 9 Latest Syllabus 2024-25

There will be one paper of two hours duration of 80 marks and Internal Assessment of practical work carrying 20 marks.

Note: All chemical processes/reactions should be studied with reference to the reactants, products, conditions, observations and the (balanced) equations and diagrams.

1. The Language of Chemistry

(i) Symbol of an element; valency; formulae of radicals and formulae of compounds. Balancing of simple chemical equations.

  • Symbol – definition; symbols of the elements used often.
  • Valency - definition; hydrogen combination and number of valence electrons of the metals and non-metals; mono, di, tri and tetra valent elements.
  • Radicals – definition; formulae and valencies.
  • Compounds – name and formulae.
  • Chemical equation – definition and examples of chemical equations with one reactant and two or three products, two reactants and one product, two reactants and two products and two reactants and three or four products; balancing of equations. (by hit and trial method)

(ii) Relative Atomic Masses (atomic weights) and Relative Molecular Masses (molecular weights): either - standard H atom or 1/12th of carbon 12 atom.

  • Definitions
  • Calculation of Relative Molecular Mass and percentage composition of a compound.

2. Chemical changes and reactions

(i) Types of chemical changes.

  • Direct combination
  • Decomposition
  • Displacement;
  • Double decomposition

(The above to be taught with suitable chemical equations as examples).

(ii) Energy changes in a chemical change.

Exothermic and endothermic reactions with examples – evolution/absorption of heat, light and electricity

3. Water

(i) Water as a universal solvent.

  • Solutions as 'mixtures' of solids in water; saturated solutions.
  • Qualitative effect of temperature on solubility (e.g. solutions of calcium sulphate, potassium nitrate and
    sodium chloride in water).

(ii) Hydrated and anhydrous substances.

(a) Hydrated substances:

Water of Crystallisation – meaning and examples.

(b) Anhydrous substances:

Meaning and examples only

(c) Properties:

  • Efflorescence
  • Deliquescence
  • Hygroscopy
  • Removal of hardness

(i) By boiling

(ii) By addition of washing soda

(Definition and examples of each of the above).

(iii) Drying and Dehydrating Agents

Meaning and examples only.

(iv) Soft water and Hard water

  • Meaning, (in terms of action of soap)
  • Advantages and disadvantages of soft water and hard water.
  • Types and causes of hardness.

4. Atomic Structure and Chemical bonding

(i) Structure of an Atom, mass number and atomic number, Isotopes and Octet Rule.

  • Definition of an atom Constituents of an atom - nucleus
  • (protons, neutrons) with associated electrons; mass number, atomic number.
  • Electron distribution in the orbits - 2n2 rule, Octet rule. Reason for chemical activity of an atom.
  • Definition and examples of isotopes (hydrogen, carbon, chlorine).

(ii) Electrovalent and covalent bonding, structures of various compounds – orbit structure

(a) Electrovalent Bond

  • Definition
  • Atomic orbit structure for the formation of Electrovalent compounds (e.g. NaCl, MgCl2,

(b) Covalent Bond

  • Definition
  • Atomic orbit structure for the formation of Covalent molecules on the basis of duplet and octet of electrons (examples: hydrogen, chlorine, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen chloride, water, ammonia, carbon tetrachloride,

5. The Periodic Table

Dobereiner’s Triads, Newland’s law of Octaves, Mendeleev’s contributions; Modern Periodic Law, the Modern Periodic Table. (Groups and periods)

  • General idea of Dobereiner’s triads,
    Newland’s law of Octaves, Mendeleev’s periodic law.
  • Discovery of Atomic Number and its use as a basis for Modern Periodic law.
  • Modern Periodic Table (Groups 1 to 18 and periods 1 to 7).
  • Special reference to Alkali metals (Group 1), Alkaline Earth metals (Group 2) Halogens (Group 17) and Zero Group (Group 18)

6. Study of the First Element -Hydrogen

Position of the non-metal (Hydrogen) in the periodic table and general group characteristics with reference to valency electrons, burning, ion formation applied to the above-mentioned element.

(i) Hydrogen from: water, dilute acids and alkalis.

(a) Hydrogen from water :

  • The action of cold water on sodium potassium and calcium.
  • The action of hot water on magnesium.
  • The action of steam on aluminium, zinc, and iron; (reversibility of reaction between iron and steam).
  • The action of steam on non-metal (carbon).
    Students can be shown the action of sodium and calcium on water in the laboratory. They must be asked to make observations and write equations for the above reactions.

Application of activity series for the above-mentioned reactions.

(b) Displacement of hydrogen from dilute acids.

The action of dilute sulphuric acid or hydrochloric acid on metals: Mg, Al, Zn and Fe .

(To understand reasons for not using other metals and dilute nitric acid.)

(c) Displacement of hydrogen from alkalis.

The action of Alkalis ((NaOH, KOH) on Al, Zn and Pb – unique nature of these elements.

(ii) The preparation and collection of hydrogen by a standard laboratory method other than electrolysis.

In the laboratory preparation, the reason for using zinc, the impurities in the gas, their removal and the precautions in the collection of the gas must be mentioned.

(iii) Industrial manufacture of hydrogen by Bosch process.

Main reactions and conditions.

• Separation of CO2 and CO from hydrogen.

(iv) Oxidation and reduction reactions.

Differences in terms of addition and removal of oxygen / hydrogen.

7. Study of Gas Laws

(i) The behaviour of gases under changes of temperature and pressure; explanation in terms of molecular motion (particles, atoms, molecules); Boyle’s Law and Charles’ Law; absolute zero; gas equation; simple relevant calculations.

  • The behaviour of gases under changes of temperature and pressure; explanation in terms of molecular motion (particles, atoms, molecules).
  • Boyle’s Law: statement, mathematical form, simple calculations.
  • Charles’ Law: statement, mathematical form, simple calculations.
  • Absolute zero Kelvin scale of temperature.
  • Gas equation P1 V1 / T1 = P2 V2 / T2; simple relevant calculations based on gas equation.

(ii) Relationship between Kelvin scale and Celsius Scale of temperature; Standard temperature and pressure.

Conversion of temperature from Celsius Scale to Kelvin scale and vice versa. Standard temperature and pressure. (Simple calculations).

8. Atmospheric pollution

(a) Acid rain – composition, cause and its impact.

Sulphur in fossil fuels giving oxides of sulphur when burnt. High temperatures in furnaces and internal combustion engines produce oxides of nitrogen. (Equations to be included). Acid rain affects soil chemistry and water bodies.

(b) Global warming:

Greenhouse gases – their sources and ways of reducing their presence in the atmosphere.

(Water vapour, carbon dioxide, methane and oxides of nitrogen)

(c) Ozone depletion

  • Formation of ozone – relevant equations
  • Function in the atmosphere.
  • Destruction of the ozone layer – chemicals responsible for this to be named but reactions not required.

Internal Assessment

Candidates will be asked to observe the effect of reagents and/or of heat on substances supplied to them. The exercises will be simple and may include the recognition and identification of certain gases listed below.

Gases: Hydrogen, Oxygen, Carbon dioxide, Chlorine, Hydrogen chloride, Sulphur dioxide, Hydrogen sulphide, Ammonia, Water vapour, Nitrogen dioxide.

Candidates are expected to have completed the following minimum practical work.

Simple experiments on:

  1. Action of heat on the following compounds:

(a) copper carbonate, zinc carbonate

(b) washing soda, copper sulphate crystals

(c) zinc nitrate, copper nitrate, lead nitrate

(d) ammonium chloride, iodine, ammonium dichromate

Make observations, identify the products and make deductions where possible.

2. Action of dilute sulphuric acid on the following substances. (warm if necessary)

(a) a metal

(b) a carbonate

(c) a sulphide

(d) a sulphite

Make observations, identify the gas evolved and make deductions.

3. Apply the flame test to identify the metal in the unknown substance.

(a) a sodium salt

(b) a potassium salt

(c) a calcium compound

4. Simple experiments based on hard water and soft water – identification of hardness – simple softening – by heating the temporary hard water, using washing soda and advantage of using detergents over soap in hard water.

5. Find out the sources of pollution of water bodies in the locality. Suggest preventive steps to control it.

ICSE Class 9 Chemistry Syllabus 2023-24

(for reference purposes only)

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