ISC Class 11 Sociology Syllabus 2024-25

CISCE has released the Latest Updated Syllabus of the New Academic Session 2024-25, for class 11. It is available under the ‘‘Regulations and Syllabuses’ page of ISC 2026 on

Class 11th Syllabus has been released by CISCE. It’s very important for both Teachers and Students to understand the changes and strictly follow the topics covered in each subject under each stream for Class 11th.

We have also updated Oswal Gurukul Books as per the Latest Paper Pattern prescribed by CISCE Board for each Subject Curriculum.

Students can directly access the ISC Sociology Syllabus for Class 11 of the academic year 2024-25 by clicking on the link below.

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ISC Sociology Class 11 Latest Syllabus 2024-25

There will be two papers in the subject:

Paper I - Theory: 3 hours ……70 marks

Paper II- Practical Work ……30 marks

Paper - I (Theory) – 70 Marks

1. Origin and Development of Sociology and Anthropology

(i) Emergence of Sociology and Anthropology as Disciplines.

Discuss the definition, origin and growth of the two disciplines briefly.

Define the nature and scope of Sociology.

(ii) Classical Thinkers and Theories.

Contribution of the Classical Thinkers on the basis of their theories.

Discuss the contribution of the following on the basis of the given theories:

  • Auguste Comte – Positivism;
  • Herbert Spencer – Theory of Evolution (use Social Darwinism, Organic Analogy);
  • Emile Durkheim - Structural Functionalism (use the concepts sacred and profane, division of labour, solidarity)
  • Max Weber - Interpretive Sociology (bureaucracy, types of authority);
  • Karl Marx - Conflict Theory (class and class struggle).

(iii) Sociology and other Social Sciences.

An understanding of the interrelationship between Sociology and other Social Sciences Relationship between Sociology and other Social Sciences (similarities and differences) - Political Science, Economics, Anthropology (Physical Anthropology; Socio-cultural Anthropology), History, Psychology, Philosophy.

2. Research Methodology

Importance of research methodology in Sociology and Anthropology.

Definition and importance of social research.

Methods of Sociology and Anthropology – Comparative method, statistical method, field work and case study method, historical method and scientific method (formulation of the problem, observation, classification, hypothesis, verification, and prediction).

Tools of data collection (primary and secondary): A brief idea of research tools used – questionnaire, interview, observation, documentary research. Definition, merits and demerits of the above.

3. Basic Concepts

(i) Individual and Society.

Understanding the role of an individual and his relation to society.

Definition of Society; characteristics of Society – to be explained in detail.

Discuss the definition, characteristics, problems and differences between Rural and Urban Society.

(ii) Socialization – Man as a Social Animal.

Human being as a rational and social partner in environmental actions.

Definition and characteristics of socialization; primary and secondary agencies of socialization (family, school,
society, peer group, media, religion).

Definition of natural selection, social selection and heredity.

Nature vs. nurture – to be discussed briefly (Explain man as a social being, using the examples of the feral cases of Genie, Amla and Kamala and Anna. Documentaries on Genie and Anna may be shown as resource material).

(iii) Culture

Notion and attributes of culture.

Definition and characteristics of culture; brief explanation of the features of norms, folkways, mores, customs, values. Definitions only of material and non-material culture, culture lag and culture conflict.

A brief look at some past traditions and customs which reflect a close understanding of material and non-material culture e.g. sacred groves, johads, eris (water tanks of South India), farmers crops and growing season in complete harmony with the local environment and seasons, etc.

4. Social Structure

(i) Social groups

Definition and features of Community and Association, differences between Community and Association; definition and features of Primary Groups and Secondary Groups, differences between Primary Groups and Secondary Groups; definition and features of Organized and Unorganized groups (public, mobs, crowd and crowd behaviour), differences between Organized and Unorganized groups; definition only of the Reference group, In-group, Out-group.

(ii) Status and Role

Definition of status; types of status - ascribed and achieved: definition, features and differences between the two; determinants of status.

Definition of role, role conflict and role stereotype.

The above to be explained with the help of examples with special reference to the Looking Glass Self Theory by C.H. Cooley (definition and brief explanation through one example).

(iii) Social processes.

Co-operation, competition and conflict – their definitions, characteristics and differences.

5. Social Problems

Over population (with focus on poverty, unemployment, illiteracy), Child Labour, Juvenile Delinquency, Problems of the Aged and Problems of the Differently Abled (social and cultural attitude and built environment).

All the above social problems to be discussed in detail highlighting their causes and remedial measures.

Additionally, problems of the aged and problems of the differently abled to be discussed with reference to social, cultural environment and the infrastructure - attitudes, special requirements

e.g. ramps, signage.

6. Indian Sociologists

Contribution of the Indian Thinkers in the field of Sociology: Radha Kamal Mukherjee, N.K. Bose, Irawati Karve, G.S. Ghurye, M.N. Srinivas.

The following contributions of each of the thinkers are to be discussed:

Radha Kamal Mukherjee - Social Ecology;

G.S. Ghurye – Theories of Origin of the Caste system;

N.K. Bose – The Hindu Method of Tribal absorption;

Irawati Karve – Kinship and the family;

M.N. Srinivas – The Concept of Brahminization and Sankritization.

Paper II (Project Work) – 30 Marks

To do justice to the basic structural principles and theoretical orientation of the discipline, empirical and ethnographic substantiation is essential. In keeping with the significance of doing practical work and gaining a hands-on understanding of various social issues, candidates are expected to undertake two studies. Topics for the studies should be chosen from within the overall syllabus as there is ample scope for diversity.

Candidates will be expected to have completed two studies from any chapter covered in Theory. Assessment for each study will be as detailed below:

Mark allocation per study [15 marks] will be as follows:

Description Marks
Statement of the purpose 1 mark
Overall format 1 mark
Hypothesis 1 mark
Choice of technique 1 mark
Detailed procedure 4 marks
Limitation 1 mark
Conclusion 2 marks
Viva-voce based on the study 4 marks
TOTAL 15 Marks

2023-24 Reduced Syllabus

(for reference purposes only)

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