ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus 2023-24

CISCE has released the Latest Updated Syllabus of the New Academic Session 2023-24, for class 10.

Class 10th Syllabus has been revised and updated for the new session 2023-24. It’s very important for both Teachers and Students to understand the changes and strictly follow the topics covered in each subject for Class 10th.

We have also updated Oswal Gurukul Books as per the Latest Paper Pattern prescribed by CISCE Board for each Subject Curriculum.

Students can directly access the ICSE Geography Syllabus for Class 10 of the academic year 2023-24 by clicking on the link below.

PDF download links to the latest Class 10 Geography Syllabus for 2023-24 academic session

Please Click on Download Now

ICSE Geography Class 10 Latest Syllabus 2023-24

There will be one paper of two hours duration carrying 80 marks and Internal Assessment of 20 marks.

The Paper will consist of two parts, Part I and Part II.

Part I (compulsory) will consist of two questions. Question 1 will be based on Topographical Map.

Question 2 will be based on outline Map of India.

Part II: Candidates will be expected to answer any five questions.

Candidates will be expected to make the fullest use of sketches, diagrams, graphs and charts in their

Questions set may require answers involving the interpretation of photographs of geographical interest.

S.No. Unit Topics Sub -Topics Marks
1 Interpretation of Topographical Maps (a) Locating features with the help of a four-figure or a six-figure grid reference.  80
(b) Definition of contour and contour interval. Identification of landforms marked by contours (steep slope, gentle slope, hill, valley, ridge /water divide, escarpment), triangulated height, spot height, benchmark, relative height/ depth.
(c) Interpretation of colour tints and conventional symbols used on a topographical survey of India map.
(d) Identification and definition of types of scale given on the map.
Measuring direct distance and calculating area using the scale given therein.
(e) Marking directions between different locations, using eight cardinal points.
(f) Identify: Site of prominent villages and/or towns, types of land use / land cover and means of communication with the help of the index given at the bottom of the sheet.
(g) Identification of drainage (direction of flow, left bank and right bank) and patterns
(h) Identification of natural and man-made features.
2 Map of India On an outline map of India, candidates will be required to locate, mark and name the following:
Mountains, Peaks and Plateaus Himalayas, Karakoram, Aravali, Vindhyas, Satpura, Western and Eastern Ghats, Nilgiris, Garo, Khasi, Jaintia, Mount Godwin Austin (K2), Mount Kanchenjunga. Deccan Plateau, Chota Nagpur Plateau. 
Plains Gangetic Plains and Coastal plains – (Konkan, Malabar, Coromandel, Northern Circars).
Desert Thar (The Great Indian Desert)
Rivers Indus, Ravi, Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, Satluj, Ganga, Yamuna, Ghaghra, Gomti, Gandak, Kosi,Chambal, Betwa, Son, Damodar,Brahmaputra, Narmada, Tapti, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna,Cauveri, Tungabhadra. 
Water Bodies Gulf of Kutch, Gulf of Khambhat, Gulf of Mannar, Palk Strait, Andaman Sea,Chilka Lake, Wular Lake. Passes:Karakoram, Nathu-La Passes 
Passes Karakoram, Nathu-La Passes.
Latitude and Longitudes Tropic of Cancer, Standard Meridian (82° 30’E).
Direction of Winds Southwest Monsoons (Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal Branches), North east Monsoons and Western Disturbances. 
Distribution of Minerals Oil - Mumbai High (Offshore Oil Field) and Digboi; Iron – Singhbhum, Coal – Jharia. 
Soil Distribution Alluvial, Laterite, Black and Red Soil.
Cities Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Kochi, Chandigarh, Srinagar, Vishakhapatnam, Prayagraj/ Allahabad. 
Population Distribution of Population (Dense and sparse).
3 Location, Extent and Physical features Position and Extent of India.(through Map only).
The physical features of India–mountains, plateaus, plains and rivers. (through Map only).
4 Climate Distribution of Temperature, Rainfall, winds in Summer and Winter and factors affecting the climate of the area. Monsoon and its mechanism. Seasons: March to May – Summer; June to September – Monsoon; October to November - Retreating Monsoon. December to February – Winter.
5 Soil Resources
  • Types of soil (alluvial, black, red and laterite) distribution, composition and characteristics such as colour, texture, minerals and crops associated.
  • Soil Erosion – causes, prevention and conservation.
6 Natural Vegetation
  • Importance of forests.
  • Types of vegetation (tropical evergreen, tropical deciduous, tropical desert, littoral and mountain), distribution and correlation with their environment.
  • Forest conservation.
7 Water Resources
  • Sources (Surface water and ground water).
  • Need for conservation and conservation practices (Rainwater harvesting and its importance).
  • Irrigation: Importance and methods.
8 Mineral and Energy Resources
  • Iron ore, Manganese, Copper – uses and their distribution.
  • Conventional Sources: Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas (distribution, advantages and disadvantages).
  • Hydel power (Bhakra Nangal Dam and Hirakud).
  • Non-conventional Sources:Solar, wind, tidal, geo-thermal, nuclear and biogas ((generation and advantages).
9 Agriculture
  • Indian Agriculture – importance, problems and reforms.
  • Types of farming in India: subsistence and commercial: intensive, extensive, plantation and mixed.
  • Agricultural seasons (rabi, kharif, zayad).
  • Climatic conditions, soil requirements, methods of cultivation, processing and distribution of the following crops:
rice, wheat, millets and pulses, sugarcane, oilseeds (groundnut, mustard and soya bean), cotton, jute, tea and coffee. 
10 Manufacturing Industries Importance and classification
  • Agro based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk).
  • Mineral based Industry – Iron & Steel (TISCO, Bhilai, Rourkela,Vishakhapatnam) Petro Chemical and Electronics.
11 Transport Importance and Modes – Roadways, Railways, Airways and Waterways –- Advantages and disadvantages.
12 Waste Management Impact of waste accumulation-spoilage of landscape, pollution, health hazards, effect on terrestrial, aquatic (fresh water andmarine) life.
  • Need for waste management.
  • Methods of safe disposal - segregation, dumping and composting.
  • Need and methods for reducing, reusing and recycling waste.
INTERNAL ASSESSMENT PRACTICAL / PROJECT WORK Candidates will be required to prepare a project report on any one topic. The topics for assignments may be selected from the list of suggested assignments given below. Candidates can also take up an assignment of their choice under any of the broad areas given below. 20
  1. Local Geography:
(a) Land use pattern in different regions of India– a comparative analysis.
(b) The survey of a local market on the types of shops and services offered.
Suggested list of assignments:
  1. Environment:
Wildlife conservation efforts in India.
  1. Current Geographical Issues:
Development of tourism in India.
  1. Transport in India
Development of Road, Rail, Water and Air routes.
5 List different type of industries in the States and collect information about the types of raw materials used, modes of their procurement and disposal of wastes generated. Classify these industries as polluting or environment friendly and suggest possible ways of reducing pollution caused by these units.
6 Need for industrialization in India, the latest trends and its impact on economy of India.
7 Visit a water treatment plant, sewage treatment plant or garbage dumping or vermicomposting sites in the locality and study their working. 100

2022-23 Reduced Syllabus

(for reference purposes only)

Share page on

The dot mark field are mandatory, So please fill them in carefully
To download the complete Syllabus (PDF File), Please fill & submit the form below.