ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus 2024-25

CISCE has released the Latest Updated Syllabus of the New Academic Session 2024-25, for ICSE Class 10 Geography. 

ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus has been revised and updated for the new session 2024-25. It’s very important for both Teachers and Students to understand the changes and strictly follow the topics covered in ICSE Class 10 Geography.

We have also updated Oswal Gurukul Books as per the Latest Paper Pattern prescribed by CISCE Board for each Subject ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus 2024-25.

Students can directly access the ICSE Geography Syllabus for Class 10 of the academic year 2024-25 by clicking on the link below.

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Latest ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus 2024-25

There will be one paper of two hours duration carrying 80 marks and Internal Assessment of 20 marks.

The Paper will consist of two parts, Part I and Part II.

Part I (compulsory) will consist of two questions. Question 1 will be based on Topographical Map.

Question 2 will be based on outline Map of India.

Part II: Candidates will be expected to answer any five questions.

Candidates will be expected to make the fullest use of sketches, diagrams, graphs and charts in their answers.

Questions set may require answers involving the interpretation of photographs of geographical interest.

Part – I: Map Work

1. Interpretation of Topographical Maps

(a) Locating features with the help of a four figure or a six-figure grid reference.

(b) Identification of landforms marked by contours lines (steep slope, gentle slope, hill, valley, ridge, plateau, saddle-shaped, U- shaped valley, spur, escarpment) by contour cross-section method.

(c) Identifying and drawing of the conventional symbols.

(d) Definition of contour lines, contour interval, definitions of different types of scales (statement of scale, linear scale, representative fraction), triangulated height, nucleated settlement, dispersed settlement, water-divide, ridge.

(e) Markings directions between different locations, using eight cardinal points.

2. Map of Thailand

On an outline map of Thailand, candidates will be required to locate, mark and name the following:

Mountains, Peaks: Daen Lao Range, Sankalakhiri, Doi Inthanon, Thanon Thong Chai Range;

Plateaus, plains, peninsula and islands: Khorat plateau, plains in central Thailand, Malay Peninsula, phi phi island;

Longitude: Indo China Time (105°E);

Rivers: Ping river, Wang river, Yom river, Nan river, Chao Phraya river, Tha Chin River

Water Bodies: Songkhla Lake, Gulf of Thailand, Andaman Sea, South China Sea.

Direction of Winds: South West Monsoon, North East Monsoon.

Distribution of Minerals: Oil and coal in Kamphaeng phet city; Tin in Phuket, Gem stones in Chantaburi, Erawan Natural Gas field.

Soil Distribution – Alluvial Soil (Sandy soil, clayey soil, shallow soil, sandy loam soil), Laterite soil.

Cities - Bangkok, Chinag Mai, Chaing Rai, Phuket, Ayuthaya, Sukhothai, Krabi, Nonthaburi, Nakhon Ratchasima, Hat Yai, Udon Thani, Pak Kret, Pattaya.

Population - Distribution of Population (dense and sparse).

Part – Ii: Geography Of Thailand

3. Location, Extent, Physical features

  • Position and Extent of Thailand (through Map only).
  • The physical features of Thailand – Archipelagos, mountains, plateaus, plains and rivers. (through Map only).
  • Northern Thailand, North-eastern Thailand, Central Thailand, Eastern Thailand, Western Thailand, Southern Thailand.

4. Climate

Distribution of Temperature, Rainfall, winds in Summer and Winter and factors affecting the climate. Monsoon and its mechanism. Seasons – Hot Season - March to Mid-May, Rainy Season- Mid May to October affected by South West Monsoon; Dry, Cool Season-November to February affected by North-East Monsoon.

5. Soil Resources

Types of soil: Alluvial (Sandy soil, clayey soil, shallow soil, sandy loam soil), Laterite soil.

Distribution, composition and characteristics such as colour, texture, minerals and crops associated.

Soil Erosion: causes, prevention and conservation.

6. Natural Vegetation

  • Importance of forests.
  • Types of vegetation (tropical semi-evergreen, tropical deciduous monsoon, savanna); distribution and  haracteristics and adaptation with their environment
  • Significance of Forest conservation and importance of community forests.

7. Water Resources

  • Sources (Surface water and ground water).
  • Need for conservation and conservation practices, water harvesting (Watershed management). Irrigation: Importance and methods (canal, well, tube well- advantages and disadvantages of each).

8. Mineral and Energy Resources

  • Iron ore, Feldspar, Tin and Lead – uses and their distribution.
  • Conventional Sources: Coal, Natural gas (distribution, advantages and disadvantages).
  • Hydel Power generation and advantages; examples of Bhumibol Dam, Srinagarind Dam and the rivers on which they are constructed.
  • Non-conventional Sources: Solar, wind (generation and advantages).

9. Agriculture in Thailand

  • Agriculture: role in the economy; problems of agriculture.
  • Types of farming in Thailand: subsistence: shifting, intensive; Commercial: extensive, plantation and mixed - characteristics, advantages and disadvantages of each.
  • Climatic conditions, soil requirements, methods of cultivation, processing and distribution of the following crops:
    - Rice and Maize
    - Rubber and Sugarcane
    - Palm and Soyabean

10. Manufacturing Industries

  • Importance and classification of industries (agro based, mineral based);
  • Agro based Industry - Sugar, rice, food processing, fisheries and textile (economic importance and problems of each);
  • Mineral based Industry – Iron and Steel in Samut Prakan city of Thailand-sources of raw materials and power; significance to the economy; Electronics in Ayutthaya city of Thailand- importance; cement and automobile industries (sources of raw materials and power; significance to the economy).

11. Transport

Importance of transport; Modes – Roadways, Railways, Airways and Waterways - advantages and disadvantages.

12. Tourism

Definition of tourism, advantages, important places-natural and cultural, positive and negative impacts of tourism.

13. Waste Management

  • Impact of waste accumulation - spoilage of landscape, pollution, health hazards, effect on terrestrial, aquatic (fresh water and marine) life.
  • Need for waste management.
  • Methods of safe disposal - segregation, dumping and composting.
  • Need and methods for reducing, reusing and recycling waste.

Internal Assessment Practical / Project Work

Candidates will be required to prepare a project report on any one topic. The topics for assignments may be selected from the list of suggested assignments given below. Candidates can also take up an assignment of their choice under any of the broad areas given below.

Suggested list of assignments:

  1. Geography of Thailand

    (a) Land use pattern in different regions of Thailand – a comparative analysis.

    (b) The survey of a local/ floating markets on the types of shops and services offered.

  2. Environment: Wildlife conservation efforts in Thailand.
  3. Current Geographical Issues: Development of tourism in Thailand.
  4. Transport in Thailand: Development of Road, Rail, Water and Air routes.
  5. List different type of industries in the provinces and collect information about the types of raw materials used, modes of their procurement and disposal of wastes generated. Classify these industries as polluting or environment friendly and suggest possible ways of reducing pollution caused by these units.
  6. Visit a water treatment plant, sewage treatment plant or garbage dumping or vermicomposting sites in the locality and study their working.
  7. Need for industrialization in Thailand, the latest trends and its impact on economy of Thailand.


The assignments/project work is to be evaluated by the subject teacher and by an External Examiner. (The External Examiner may be a teacher nominated by the Head of the school, who could be from the faculty, but not teaching the subject in the section/class.

The Internal Examiner and the External Examiner will assess the assignments independently.

Award of Marks (20 Marks)

Subject Teacher (Internal Examiner) 10 marks

External Examiner 10 marks

The total marks obtained out of 20 are to be sent to CISCE by the Head of the school.

The Head of the school will be responsible for the online entry of marks on CISCE’s CAREERS portal by the due date.

ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus 2023-24

(for reference purposes only)

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