ICSE Class 10 History and Civics Syllabus 2023-24

CISCE has released the Latest Updated Syllabus of the New Academic Session 2023-24, for class 10.

Class 10th Syllabus has been revised and updated for the new session 2023-24. It’s very important for both Teachers and Students to understand the changes and strictly follow the topics covered in each subject for Class 10th.

We have also updated Oswal Gurukul Books as per the Latest Paper Pattern prescribed by CISCE Board for each Subject Curriculum.

Students can directly access the ICSE History and Civics Syllabus for Class 10 of the academic year 2023-24 by clicking on the link below.

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ICSE History and Civics Class 10 Latest Syllabus 2023-24

There will be one paper of two hours duration carrying 80 marks and an Internal Assessment of 20 marks.

The paper will be divided into two parts, Part I and Part II.

Part I (30 marks) will contain short answer questions set from the entire syllabus. Candidates will be required to answer all questions.

Part II (50 marks) will consist of Section A and Section B. Candidates will be required to answer two out of three questions from Section A and three out of five questions from Section B. The sections will correspond to the sections indicated in the syllabus.

S.No. Unit Topics Sub -Topics Marks
1 The Union Legislature (i) Lok Sabha Meaning of the federal setup in India.
Term, composition, qualifications for membership. Parliamentary procedures: a brief idea of sessions, quorum, question hour, adjournment and no-confidence motion. Speaker – election and any four functions.
(ii) Rajya Sabha Composition, qualifications for membership, election, term, Presiding Officer.
(iii) Powers and functions of Union Parliament Legislative, financial, judicial, electoral, amendment of the Constitution, control over executive. Exclusive powers of the two Houses
2 The Union Executive (i) The President Qualifications for election, composition of Electoral College, reason for indirect election, term of office, procedure for impeachment.
Powers (executive, legislative, financial, judicial, discretionary and emergency)
(ii) The Vice-President Qualifications for election, term of office and powers.
(iii) Prime Minister and Council of Ministers Appointment, formation of Council of Ministers, tenure, functions - policy making, administrative, legislative, financial, emergency. Position and powers of the Prime Minister. Collective and individual responsibility of the members of the Cabinet . Distinction between the Council of Ministers and the Cabinet.  
3 The Judiciary (i) The Supreme Court Composition, qualifications of judges, appointment, independence of judiciary from the control of executive and legislature; Jurisdiction and functions: Original, Appellate, Advisory, Revisory, Judicial Review and Court of Record. Enforcement of Fundamental Rights and Writs
(ii) High Courts Composition, qualifications of judges, appointment; Jurisdiction and functions: Original and Appellate, Revisory, Judicial Review and Court of Record. Enforcement of Fundamental Rights and Writs.
(iii) Subordinate Courts Distinction between Court of the District Judge and Sessions Court.
(iv) Lok Adalats Meaning and advantages.
1 The Indian National Movement (1857 - 1917) (i) The First War of Independence, 1857 Only the causes (political, socio-religious, economic and military) and consequences will be tested. [The events, however, need to be mentioned in order to maintain continuity and for a more comprehensive understanding.]  
(ii) Factors leading to the growth of Nationalism economic exploitation, repressive colonial policies, socio-religious reform movements (brief mention of contribution of Raja Rammohan Roy and Jyotiba Phule) and role of the Press.  
Foundation of the Indian National Congress: The Indian National Association (Surendranath Banerjee) and the East India Association (Dadabhai Naoroji) as precursors. Immediate objectives of the Indian National Congress - the first two sessions and their Presidents should be mentioned.
(iii) First Phase of the Indian National objectives and methods of struggle of the Early Nationalists. Any two contributions of Dadabhai Naoroji, Surendranath Banerjee and Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
Second Phase of the Indian National Movement (1905-1916)  Brief mention of the causes of the Partition of Bengal and its perspective by the Nationalists. Brief mention of Surat Split of 1907; objectives and methods of struggle of the Radicals. Any two contributions of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai.
The Muslim League: Year of formation, the first session and the name of the President. The objectives of the Muslim League.
Brief mention of the significance of the Lucknow Pact - 1916.
2 Mass Phase of the National Movement (1915-1947) (i) Mahatma Gandhi Non-Cooperation Movement : causes (Khilafat Movement, Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh Tragedy), programme and suspension – Chauri Chaura incident and impact of the Movement; the Civil Disobedience Movement: causes (reaction to the Simon Commission, Declaration of Poorna Swaraj at the Lahore Session of 1929), Dandi March, programme and impact of the Movement, Gandhi-Irwin Pact and the Second Round Table Conference; the Quit India Movement: causes (failure of the Cripps Mission, Japanese threat), Quit India Resolution and the significance of the Movement.
(ii) Forward Bloc and INA Objectives, Contributions of Subhas Chandra Bose.
(iii) Independence and Partition of India Cabinet Mission Plan (clauses only); Mountbatten Plan (clauses and its acceptance); and the Indian Independence Act of 1947 (clauses only)
3 The Contemporary World (i) The First World War Causes (Nationalism and Imperialism, Armament Race, division of Europe and Sarajevo crisis) and Results (Treaty of Versailles, territorial rearrangements, formation of League of Nations). 
(ii) Rise of Dictatorships Causes for the rise of Fascism in Italy and the rise of Nazism in Germany. A comparative study of Mussolini’s Fascist and Hitler’s Nazi ideologies 
(iii) The Second World War Causes (Dissatisfaction with the Treaty of Versailles, Rise of Fascism and Nazism, Policy of Appeasement, Japanese invasion of China, Failure of League of Nations and Hitler’s invasion of Poland). Brief mention of the attack on Pearl Harbour and bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Consequences (Defeat of Axis Powers, Formation of the United Nations and Cold War).
(iv) United Nations (i) The objectives of the U.N. The composition and functions of the General Assembly, the Security Council, and the International Court of Justice
(ii) Major agencies of the United Nations: UNICEF, WHO and UNESCO - functions only.
(v) Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Brief meaning; objectives; Panchsheel; role of Jawaharlal Nehru; Names of the architects of NAM.
Internal Assessment Any one project/assignment related to the syllabus. 20
Suggested Assignments
  • Compare the Parliamentary and Presidential forms of Government with reference to India and the U.S.A.
  • Conduct a mock Court and record the proceedings.
  • Present a life sketch and contributions of any one of the following Presidents of India –
  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Dr. S. Radhakrishnan and Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (or any other).
  • Present a book review of any one of the following works: Dadabai Naoroji’s ‘Poverty and un-British rule in India’, Gandhi’s ‘The Story of my Experiments with Truth’, Nehru’s ‘Discovery of India’, Bhagat Singh’s ‘Why I am an Atheist’, Vijayalakshmi Pandit’s ‘The Scope of Happiness: A Personal Memoir’, Abdul Kalam’s ‘Wings of Fire’.
  • Discuss the relevance of any one of the following films to understand the history of 20th Century Europe: The Book Thief, Schindler’s List, Escape to Victory, The Boy in Striped Pyjamas, Life is Beautiful, The Sound of Music, Gandhi (Richard Attenborough), Sardar (Ketan Mehta), Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose - The Forgotten Hero (Shyam Benegal).
  • Highlight the work and achievements of any one Nobel Laureate - Malala Yousafzai or Kailash Satyarthi.
  • Make a PowerPoint presentation on India’s Independence and Partition.
  • Make a presentation on the influence of Gandhian principles on Martin Luther King / Nelson Mandela.
  • Prepare a report on the contributions of any one of the following agencies of the United Nations – UNESCO / WHO / UNICEF / ILO / UNDP / FAO.
  • Present a case study of any recent human rights violations and redressal mechanisms available to prevent such instances in the future.

2022-23 Reduced Syllabus

(for reference purposes only)

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