Oswal 61 Sample Question Papers ICSE Class 10 English-I Solutions


Answer 1.


A gamut of behaviour categorised by certain abnormal behavioural pattern is known as insanity, craziness or madness. It may be considered as violations of social 

norms, or may be at times the person becoming a danger to himself or others. Since ancient times, insanity was taken as a curse or black magic trick of a witch, or a ghost. 

it was to be treated by mantras and yagnas to please the supernatural power to get rid of one’s insanity. In scientific term, insanity is disturbed mental order. I went through a phase in my life where a terrible shock took away my sanity.

It shook my spine when I heard of my dear brother-in-law’s severe accident. As soon as I heard it, I went out of my senses. I couldn’t recognise any family member nor could I take care of myself. 

I became like a toddler, unknown and unaware of social ethics and my responsibilities. I was very closed to my brother in law. My parents and my siblings used to 

Look after me for around one month.They were worried about me, and wanted to restore my sanity. They went to a lot of people who claimed themselves to be well acquainted with supernatural powers, to get me treated. You know, superstition.

But all of it was of no use. My parents wasted a lot of money and time to get my sanity restored. They even took me to a top neurological hospital where I underwent a long list of medical tests. The reports said that it’s a temporary state of mind. It can be restored, but it will take time.

It was because the kind of shock my mind couldn’t withstand, that was to be recreated to restore my normal condition. Though it was risky, as it may take away my life or may even paralyse me. During the course of treatment, one day I was sitting on my wheelchair in the balcony of my hospital room.

I saw a man yelling wildly. I don’t know what happened to me, I started crying loudly as if that man was yelling to save my brother-inlaw or vice-versa. The entire team of nurses, attendants along with the doctor and my parents rushed to me. I was surprised to see myself in a hospital in a poor appearance.

asked my parents “what is all this”? They were happy to see me in my proper mental senses. In this way and gradual close monitoring, my sanity was restored.

(ii) Life nowadays has become so fast that I am reminded of a famous poem—”Leisure“ by William Henry Davies which starts with :

What is this life if, full of care,

We have no time to stand and stare.

These days everything is easier to get or to achieve but it’s almost impossible to spare a few minutes for family members, relatives or friends. The internet which was meant to connect us easily to our near ones has created a much unavoidable void as it has brought us closer to unknown ones and took us far from our near ones.

Wedding is the only good place where all our family, friends, and most of the relatives gather having ample spare time to enjoy the real emotions of humanness. I miss my relatives a lot as no one visits us as frequently as it was during my childhood. I am also busy enough to go out and meet any of them or even my dear friends.

I would like to share a wedding where I went with my family. It was a memorable one. As we reached there we were welcomed with great zeal and warmth by our uncle and aunt, whose son’s marriage we had come to attend. Then we entered the house.

It was amazingly decorated with all rendezvous extravagance. The house was full of people. I saw my maternal uncle there with his family. I screamed out of happiness to see them. Our parents met him and I had a nice time with my cousin. We went to the pandal where snacks with evening tea were arranged and

a lot of children were having fun. There I met my childhood friend whom I missed the most, because he has changed his school last year. Sometime later, a red car arrived, I was gazing at it and saw that my boy cousin, who is my brother with his parents and his maternal grandparents had arrived there.

happy to see me. His grandparents blessed me with their sweet words. His parents patted me and asked for my parents. We came to know a lot of people residing in our neighbourhood.

lot to meet, enjoy and get acquainted with people around me. I love wedding party, as it is really one of the best platforms for convenient social interaction.

lot to meet, enjoy and get acquainted 


The whole world is full of many shocking treatments of children towards their old parents. A large number of parents, even some of the celebrities too, are in this

list who are dragged to old age homes or left in hospitals to struggle with difficulties and are isolated. I think that it’s our first and foremost duty to serve our dear 

parents who brought us into this beautiful world and looked after us well to help us grow up into a healthy and a well-educated person. They had been there 

always for us whenever and for whatever we need from them. They made sure to provide us a roof, protect us from all the evils in and around the society.

They sacrificed their dreams and needs for our better upbringing. So, it’s our moral duty to look after our family’s elderly members. Also the way we will treat our 

parents, we are going to get the same treatment from our children in future for children learn from adults. We hardly think about all the distress we created for 

our parents since our infancy when we used to spoil the party dress of our mother, start a crazy cry in public, didn’t let them sleep the whole night, when we tore 

up any important document or scribble on any precious book or break an expensive show-piece, at the age of six when we yelled or craved to buy expensive  

useless items hanging in a shop, at the age of thirteen when we brought a lot of complaints from school, etc. Those highly irritating and sometimes embarrassing

moments when we frustrated our parents, they didn’t pack up our bags to throw us out or drag us to an orphanage. So, how can we even think of avoiding them 

or force them to live a lonely helpless life? Parents, in their old age, need a companion to look after them, to make them at ease, sit, and listen to them.

We must owe our best care and love to them who gave us life and nurtured us into the people we are today. It should be kept in mind that our parents are not 

going to live forever, they are only for a short span of time with us.


on children to take care of their parents only because they are their parents. It shouldn’t be an exchange deal that parents have brought them up so the children 

should too do the same to parents. Parents have brought up children to this world for their own happiness and with their own choice. So, they have to take the 

responsibility of their choices. It is painful to know about some of the tragic stories of old parents being ill-treated by their children. However, the elderly parents

should pre-plan their own care, as a part of being a responsible adult. There are a lot of government and semi-government plans to invest in it at a younger age 

and get a good return throughout the life. I think we should be responsible for our life on our own. But people are so careless and less forward looking into future 

planning. When they are old enough to have money or time to invest and wait, they come over to their children for all kinds of favours they did for them.

Some of the children are poorly treated by their own parents and are often victims of parental physical and emotional abuses and negligence. So, it is not at all

necessary for children to take care of their ageing parents. It might sound very rude but it is very true that ageing parents have their own traditional belief and so 

they fail to cope with the advancement. This age difference becomes a reason for conflicts and neither the parents nor their children enjoy a peaceful life.

Therefore, it is better for parents to make arrangements for their old age in advance and lead a better life.

(iv) The world is not the same anymore and the COVID-19 pandemic has changed our lives forever. The virus seems like a permanent addition in our lives according 

to most scientific studies and may never go away even if its cure or vaccination becomes commonplace. It consumed lakhs of people. Many were able to fight its 

effects and survived but most could not. What the doctors and experts have been saying is pretty basic. Wash our hands, cover our noses and sanitise our 

surroundings often. These are the first line of defence against our fight with the virus. So hygiene is now as important as oxygen. Keeping ourselves relatively 

clean, taking care not to touch things in public places, wearing masks when travelling in public transport, and consistently making sure we do not dirty the 

surroundings should become a norm. Secondly, our lives have changed with the way we work and study. The dependency on the virtual world will gain more 

traction and people will have to upgrade their way of work and education. It has been an eye-opener to witness the way the world has geared itself up to fight the 

outcomes of the coronavirus pandemic. Students never thought they would have to depend on their teacher’s online notes, but it has become the new normal. 

Parents have to update their knowledge of computers and the internet to help their children navigate this transition. Thirdly, people now have understood the

importance of leading a healthier life, and more so knowing that the medical system is not equipped to take care of lakhs of people at the same time. 

For example, the home quarantining and home packages have become common today. Doctors and experts are urging people with minor symptoms to stay at 

home and quarantine themselves instead of overburdening the resources. Furthermore, the days of going to any public event without necessary precautionary 

measures like face masks,  temperature checks and gloves seems impossible. We can imagine the world in masks now. And it is not going to change anytime soon.


Napoleon said, “Give me good mothers, I will give you a good nation.” ‘‘The Hand that Rocks the Cradle is the Hand that Rules the World” appeared in a poem

written by William Ross Wallace. This brilliant phrase placed Wallace among the most celebrated poets of all time. It actually means that a mother living in the 

household has the power to rule the world. But often this magnificent ability of a mother is ignored or looked upon at with pity. Mothers play an important

role in building nations. I would like to quote the story of Revathi, a proud mother of a scientist, an economist and also an archaeologist. Revathi was a widow 

mother of three children. She worked in a factory near her slum and sold idlis and vadas on Sunday when her factory was closed. By the earning from these 

sources she nurtured her children. The most appreciable part of her care and upbringing was that she taught her children, the importance of cleanliness and to

adhere to their education with their best efforts. So, many times it happened that she was left with no food for her after serving to her children and she had to

sleep empty bowel. But it couldn’t deter her from her goal to educate her children for a brighter future. With all the hardships, she succeeded finally when her two

sons won a scholarship to a top college for their respective subjects. Her younger kid was her daughter Savitha who had secured the 10th topper rank on state 

level in her board exams. Savitha received an amount of rupees 25000/- from the state government and a bicycle from the school as an honour.

Revathi did a lot of compromise to fulfill the financial needs of her children. Equally, her kids too made her proud by achieving great positions. As her sons started 

earning, they took their sister’s education and all household expenses on themselves and freed their mother from all burden and pain. Her daughter opted to join

the archaeology department after her graduation, which was again a huge success for her mother. So, we can say that the hands that rock the cradle are the  

hands that rule the world. A Mother is the power behind the throne. Hence, there are great responsibilities on the shoulders of a mother and every nation should

do enough to take care, empower and educate mothers, so that they can shoulder the responsibility of building up the nation with grace and dignity.

Answer 2.

(i) Ring Road, Near Pearsales,

Daffodil Apartment,

A Block, 12th floor,

6th June, 20XX.

Dear Archit,

I am very happy to receive a letter from you. It is great to learn that you have topped the school and International Science Olympiad too. Congratulations, dear friend.

You were one of the most intelligent students of your class. Your success is going to inspire other students’ future. Let’s meet once and we’ll decide for a celebration.

That’s all from my side. Do write back. My earnest regards for uncle and aunt. Yours lovingly,Srikanth

(ii) Sahzad Society,

3rd lane, 5th floor,

13th October, 20XX

The Editor,

The Times of India,

K.G. Marg,

New Delhi-110 001.

Dear Sir,

Through the esteemed column of your newspaper, I wish to bring to public notice that constantly erupting bandhs and protests is disrupting the daily life of middle

class people and their earnings in Delhi. Its shaking away the social life. Today the world has become too materialistic. It is harmful wasting a few minutes without 

work. But the regularly rising protests in the name of freedom of expression has harmed the common people’s social life too. These issues can be solved by peaceful

means of discussing or writing to the concerned authority/department. It may really solve the problem without disrupting social life or without causing harm or loss

to those working. I would urge you to please create awareness among people and look into the disruption of social life due to frequent occurrence of protests.

Yours faithfully,

Avtar Raheja

RWA member 

Answer 3.



Extra Classes for Students of Classes IX-XII

from 20th July, 20XX

at 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m.

in respective classes, Modern School

Students of classes IX-XII who scored less than 60% in the first terminal examination

have to compulsorily attend the Remedial Classes.

For more details please contact the Head boy/girl.

(ii) To : e-mail addresses of all parents of the students of classes IX-XII

Subject : Remedial Classes for students of classes IX-XII before school hours.

Dear parents,

Our school has always tried to help children in all possible ways. In accord with this, we have initiated Remedial Classes for all students of classes IX to XII who scored

less than 60% in the first terminal examination. The classes will be conducted from 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 a.m. i.e., before school hours. Please be informed that students 

who scored less than 60% in the first term examination have to compulsorily attend the Remedial Classes.

Thanking you,

Yours faithfully,

Dr. R. K. Swami


Modern School, Guwahati

Answer 4.

(i) 1. (c) the floor of a fireplace

2. (b) an innate, typically fixed pattern of behaviour in response to certain stimuli.

3. (c) having or showing a strong desire and determination to succeed.

(ii) (a) The place where the family dwelt was the ‘bleakest spot’ of all in New England. It was in the Notch of the White Hills where the wind was sharp throughout the 

year, and pitilessly cold in the winter. It gave their cottage all its fresh inclemency before it descended on the valley of the Saco. 

(b) The dry wood was collected from driftwood of mountain streams, the dry cones of the pines and the splintered ruins of great trees that came crashing down the precipice.

(c) Here the phrase “herb, heart’s-ease,” means peace of mind. The family had found their peace of mind in the bleak spot and as a matter of fact, lived happily.

(d) The travel through the romantic pass of the Notch was an extremely lonely one across the wild and bleak road. To overcome this despondency arising out of the   

lonely travel most of the travelers paused to exchange a word with the family. Apart from paying for food and lodging the traveler got homely kindness beyond all price.

(e) The hearty hospitality, kind warmth in reception and homely kindness were the qualities of the family that endeared them to the traveler and they got refreshed 

from the long lonely and tiresome journey. The travelers no doubt got brightened up during their short sojourn.

(iii) In the romantic pass of the Notch, a stage-coach always drew up before the cottage of the family. The way-farer and his staff paused there to exchange words.

The teamster, on his way, would sit there for an hour beyond the usual bedtime. The family would welcome all of them. (50 words)

Answer 5.

(i) (1) was opened (2) wore (3) travels (4) brightened
(5) spring (6) held (7) benumbed (8) blown
(ii) (a) along (b) with (c) with (d) despite
(e) after (f) thoroughly (g) for (h) in

(iii) (1) (b) The cat ran out of the door because it was chased by the dog.

(2) (c) Since Smitha is usually calm and peaceful, she doesn’t lose her temper easily.

(3) (a) Since she did such intricate embroidery, her eyesight was affected.

(4) (c) The children relished the apples as they were delicious.

(b) The dry wood was collected from driftwood of mountain streams, the dry cones of the pines and the splintered ruins of great trees that came crashing down the precipice.

(c) Here the phrase “herb, heart’s-ease,” means peace of mind. The family had found their peace of mind in the bleak spot and as a matter of fact, lived happily.

(4) (c) The children relished the apples as they were delicious.

(iv) (1) (b) It being a hot day, everyone bought ice-cream.

(2) (b) Owing to health problems, he suffered from unemployment.

(3) (a) Since it was raining heavily, people opened their umbrellas.

(5) (c) No sooner had the fever left him than he got up and worked.

(6) (b) If only he had studied hard, he would have passed his exams.

(7) (b) On account of his athletic physique, he took part in sports.

(8) (a) As a result of loving adventure sports, she was considered a dare devil.

ICSE 61 Sample Question Papers

All Subjects Combined for Class 10 Exam 2023

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