ISC Class 12 Political Science Syllabus 2024-25

CISCE has released the Latest Updated Syllabus of the New Academic Session 2024-25, for class 12. 

Class 12th Syllabus has been released by CISCE. It’s very important for both Teachers and Students to understand the changes and strictly follow the topics covered in each subject under each stream for Class 12th.

We have also updated Oswal Gurukul Books as per the Latest Paper Pattern prescribed by Board for each Subject Curriculum.

Students can directly access the ISC Political Science Syllabus for Class 12 of the academic year 2024-25 by clicking on the link below.

PDF download links to the latest Class 12 Political Science Syllabus for 2024-25 academic session

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ISC Political Science Class 12 Latest Syllabus 2024-25

There will be two papers in the subject:

Paper I: Theory 3 hours ------ 80 marks

Paper II: Project Work ------ 20 marks

Paper I (Theory) -

80 Marks

Section A

Constitution and Government

1. Forms of Government

Totalitarian and Authoritarian States, Liberal Democratic State, Unitary and Federal States, Parliamentary and Presidential forms of government.

Meaning and features of Totalitarian State, Authoritarian State and Liberal Democratic State.

Comparison between Totalitarian and Authoritarian States. Meaning and features of Unitary and Federal
States. Comparison between unitary and federal state (with one example of each).

Meaning and features of Parliamentary and Presidential forms of government. Comparison between Parliamentary and Presidential forms of government.

2. Constitution

Meaning; kinds of Constitutions: Written and Unwritten, Rigid and Flexible: merits and demerits. Amending procedures.

Meaning; Kinds: Written and Unwritten, Rigid and Flexible: merits and demerits of each.

Amending procedures of the Constitutions of U.K., U.S.A and India.

3. Franchise and Representation

Universal Adult Franchise; Representation; Political Parties; Party System.

Universal Adult Franchise - meaning, reasons for widespread acceptance.

Representation: Methods

First Past the Post System – meaning only.

Proportional Representation (meaning only).

Political Parties – meaning. Kinds – Single party, Bi-party, Multi-party system – meaning and merits only.

Organs of the Government

4. The Legislature

Legislature; The legislature in India and U.S.A. - a comparative study.

Meaning of Legislature. The legislatures in India and U.S.A.- Composition (strength, method of election and tenure) and functions: legislative, constituent, executive (ways in which the legislature controls the executive), judicial, electoral and financial.

Composition and powers of the House of Representatives and the Senate, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha (including special powers).

Unique powers of the Senate, why is the Senate considered the world’s most powerful second chamber?

Comparison of the Rajya Sabha and the U.S. Senate; Lok Sabha with the U.S. House of Representatives.

5. The Executive

Difference between the Political Executive and the Permanent Executive. Political Executive in India and U.S.A. - a comparative study.

Meaning of the Executive.

Difference between the Political and Permanent Executive in India. Political Executive in India and U.S.A. - a comparative study. Powers and functions of executive heads of India (President and Prime Minister), and U.S.A. (President).

6. The Judiciary

Meaning of Judiciary. Conditions of Independence of Judiciary. Judiciary in India and U.S.A. - a comparative study. Judicial Review.

Meaning of judiciary; conditions of independence of judiciary with reference to India and U.S.A. The Judiciary in India and U.S.A. – composition and powers of Indian Supreme Court and American Supreme Court. Judicial

Review – meaning, principles (maxims). Meaning of Judicial Activism and Judicial Restraint. Comparative study of Indian and US Supreme Courts.


Indian Democracy

7. Indian Constitution

(i) Preamble

Preamble and its importance. Meaning of the key words contained in the Preamble.

(ii) Salient features of the Indian Constitution.

Written and Comprehensive; a Constitution drawn from several sources; Federal structure with Unitary spirit; Partly rigid and Partly flexible; Fundamental Rights and Duties; Directive Principles of State Policy;
Parliamentary form of Government; Single Citizenship; Bi-cameral legislature; Universal Adult Franchise; Single Integrated and Independent Judiciary; Judicial Review; Emergency powers; Special provisions for Schedule castes and Schedule tribes.

8. Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles

Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy.

Fundamental Rights: meaning of Fundamental Rights; detailed study of all Fundamental Rights in India.

Directive Principles of State Policy: classification: liberal Gandhian and socialist.

Difference between Fundamental Rights  and Directive Principles of State Policy.

9. Local self-government

73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts.

Key features of the 73rd and 74th Amendments. 11th and 12th schedules in brief.

Composition and functions of Zila Parishad and Municipal Corporation.

10. Democracy in India – a perspective of the challenges faced

Challenges faced by the Indian Democracy: Caste, Communalism, Regionalism and Political Violence. Strengthening Indian Democracy.

Caste: meaning, role of caste in Indian Politics.

Communalism: meaning only.

Regionalism: meaning; Kinds of regional aspirations: language issues, sons-of-the-soil policies, river water disputes, demand for new states, secessionist demands.

Political Violence: meaning, forms- Linguistic, secessionist, terrorist, caste, electoral and politics of violent agitation.

Strengthening Indian Democracy: measures to overcome the challenges faced by Indian Democracy.

2023-24 Reduced Syllabus

(for reference purposes only)

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