ISC Class 12 Political Science Syllabus 2022-23

CISCE has released the Latest Updated Syllabus of the New Academic Session 2022-23 on April 21st, 2022, for class 12

Class 12th Syllabus has been revised and changed many times during the Covid situation but finally it released. It’s very important for both Teachers and Students to understand the changes and strictly follow the topics covered in each subject under each stream for Class 12th.

We have also updated Oswal Gurukul Books as per the Latest Paper Pattern prescribed by Board for each Subject Curriculum.

Students can directly access the ISC Political Science Syllabus for Class 12 of the academic year 2022- 23 by clicking on the link below.

PDF download links to the latest reduced Class 12 Political Science Syllabus for 2022-23 academic session

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ISC Political Science Class 12 Reduced Syllabus 2022-23

S.No. Unit Topic Sub-Topic Marks
SECTION A - Constitution and Government
1 Forms of Government Totalitarian and Authoritarian States, Liberal Democratic State, Unitary and Federal States, Parliamentary and Presidential forms of government. Meaning and features of Totalitarian State, Authoritarian State and Liberal Democratic State. 80
Comparison between Totalitarian and Authoritarian States.
Meaning and features of Unitary and Federal States with reference to U.K. as a Unitary state, U.S.A. as a Federal State and India as a federal state with subsidiary unitary features, comparison between unitary and federal state.
Meaning and features of Parliamentary and Presidential forms of government (U.K. and U.S.A.). Comparison between Parliamentary and Presidential forms of government.
2 Constitution Meaning; kinds of Constitutions: Written and Unwritten, Rigid and Flexible: merits and demerits. Amending procedures; Conventions. Meaning; kinds: Written and Unwritten, Rigid and Flexible: merits, demerits of each.
Amending procedures of the Constitutions of U.K., U.S.A and India.
Conventions: meaning and examples with reference to U.K., U.S.A. and India.
3 Franchise and Representation Universal Adult Franchise; Methods of Election; Constituency; Minority Representation. Political Parties; Party System. Universal Adult Franchise - meaning, reasons for widespread acceptance.
Methods of Election: Direct and Indirect - meaning with examples.
Meaning of Constituency.
First Past the Post System - meaning only.
Minority Representation - Proportional Representation (meaning only).
Political Parties - meaning, kinds – Single party, Bi-party, Multi-party system – meaning.
Organs of the Government
4 The Legislature Legislature; Unicameral and Bicameral legislatures. The legislature in India and U.S.A. - a comparative study. Meaning of Legislature. Meaning of Unicameral and Bi-cameral legislatures. The legislatures in India and U.S.A.- Composition (strength, method of election and tenure) and functions: legislative, constituent, executive (ways in which the legislature controls the executive), judicial, electoral and financial.
Composition and powers of the House of Representatives and the Senate, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha (including special powers).
"Why is the Senate considered the world’s most powerful second chamber?
Comparison of the Rajya Sabha and the U.S. Senate; Lok Sabha with the U.S. House of Representatives."
5 The Executive Difference between the Political Executive and the Permanent Executive. Political Executive in India and U.S.A. - a comparative study. Meaning of the Executive.
Difference between the Political and Permanent Executive in India. Political Executive in India and U.S.A. - a comparative study. Powers and functions of executive heads of India (President and Prime Minister) and U.S.A. (President).
6 The Judiciary Meaning and functions of Judiciary. Conditions of Independence of Judiciary. Judiciary in India and U.S.A. - a comparative study. Judicial Review. Meaning and functions of judiciary; conditions of independence of judiciary with reference to India and U.S.A. The Judiciary in India and U.S.A. – composition and powers of Indian Supreme Court and American Supreme Court. Judicial Review – meaning, principles (maxims). Meaning of Judicial Activism and Judicial Restraint. Comparative study of Indian and US Supreme Courts.
SECTION B- Indian Democracy
7 Indian Constitution (i) Preamble Preamble and its importance. Meaning of the key words contained in the Preamble.
(ii) Salient features of the Indian Constitution. Written and Comprehensive; a Constitution drawn from several sources; Federal structure with Unitary spirit; Partly rigid and Partly flexible; Fundamental Rights and Duties; Directive Principles of State Policy; Parliamentary form of Government; Single Citizenship; Bi-cameral legislature; Universal Adult Franchise; Single Integrated and Independent Judiciary; Judicial Review; Emergency powers; Special provisions for Schedule castes and Schedule tribes.
8 Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy. Fundamental Rights: meaning; detailed study of all Fundamental Rights in India.
Directive Principles of State Policy: meaning and classification.
9 Local self-government 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts. Key features of the 73rd and 74th Amendments. 11th and 12th schedules in brief.
Composition and functions of Zila Parishad and Municipal Corporation.
10 Democracy in India – a perspective of the challenges faced Challenges faced by the Indian Democracy: Caste, Communalism and Regionalism. Strengthening Indian Democracy. Caste: meaning, role of caste in Indian Politics.
Communalism: meaning only.
Regionalism: meaning, forms of regionalism/kinds of regional aspirations (language issues, sons-of-the-soil policies, river water disputes, demand for new states, secessionist demands).
Strengthening Indian Democracy: measures to overcome the challenges faced by Indian Democracy.
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