Plant Kingdom Class 11 Notes Biology Chapter 3 - CBSE

Chapter : 3

Classification

Artificial System

  • Given by Carolus Linnaeus
  • Based on androecium structure and vegetative characters.

Natural System

  • Given by George Bentham
  • Included external as well as internal features.

Phylogenetic System

  • Given by Engler and Prant
  • Based on evolutionary relationship between the various organisms.

Kingdom: Plantae

Algae

  • Chlorophyceae (Chlamydomonas, Volvox, Ulothrix, Spirogyra, etc)
  • Phaeophycean (Laminaria, Sargassum, Ectocarpus, etc)
  • Rhodophyta, (Parphyra, Gelidium, etc)

Bryophytes

  • Liverworts (Marchantia, etc)
  • Mosses (Sphagnum, etc)

Pteridophytes

  • Psilophyta (Silotum, Tmesipteris, etc)
  • Lycophyta (Selaginella Lycopodium, etc)
  • Sphenophyta (Equisetum)
  • Pterophyta (Dryopeteris, Azolla, Salvinia, etc)

Gymnosperms

  • Cyclades
  • Coniferales (Pinus)
  • Ginkgcales (Ginkgo biloba)
  • Gnetales (Ephedra)

Angiosperms

  • Dicots (Mustard, Sunflower, etc)
  • Monocots (Grosses, Cereals etc)