CBSE Class 12 Maths Syllabus 202425
CBSE has released the Latest Updated Syllabus for the New Academic Session 202425 on March 23rd, 2024, for class 12.
CBSE Board has released the latest Class 12 Maths syllabus which is to be strictly followed. Below please find our detailed analysis of Board Paper pattern, Unitwise summary for the New Session 202425.
We have also updated Oswal Gurukul Books as per the Latest Paper Pattern prescribed by Board for Maths Curriculum.
Students can directly access the CBSE Mathematics Syllabus for Class 12 of the academic year 202425 by clicking on the link below.
PDF download links to the latest Class 12 Mathematics Syllabus for 202425 academic session
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CBSE Class 12 Maths Latest Syllabus 202425
CBSE Class 12 Maths Syllabus 202425: Unitwise Summary
UnitI:
Relations and Functions
NO  Units  No. of Periods  Marks  
1  Relations and Functions  30  08  
2  Algebra  50  10  
3  Calculus  80  35  
4  Vectors and Three  Dimensional Geometry  30  14  
5  Linear Programming  20  05  
6  Probability  30  08  
Total  240  80  
Internal Assessment  20 
1. Relations and Functions
15 Periods
Definition, range, domain, principal value branch. Graphs of inverse trigonometric functions.
UnitII:
Algebra
1. Matrices
25 Periods
Concept, notation, order, equality, types of matrices, zero and identity matrix, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew symmetric matrices. Operations on matrices: Addition and multiplication and multiplication with a scalar. Simple properties of addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication. Non commutativity of multiplication of matrices and existence of nonzero matrices whose product is the zero matrix (restrict to square matrices of order 2). Invertible matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse, if it exists; (Here all matrices will have real entries).
2. Determinants
25 Periods
Determinant of a square matrix (up to 3 x 3 matrices), minors, cofactors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix. Consistency, inconsistency and number of solutions of system of linear equations by examples, solving system of linear equations in two or three variables (having unique solution) using inverse of a matrix.
UnitIII:
Calculus
1. Continuity and Differentiability
20 Periods
Continuity and differentiability, chain rule, derivative of inverse trigonometric functions, 𝑙𝑖𝑘𝑒 sin^{−1} 𝑥 , cos^{−1} 𝑥 and tan^{−1} 𝑥, derivative of implicit functions. Concept of exponential and logarithmic functions.
Derivatives of logarithmic and exponential functions. Logarithmic differentiation, derivative of functions expressed in parametric forms. Second order derivatives.
2. Applications of Derivatives
10 Periods
Applications of derivatives: rate of change of quantities, increasing/decreasing functions, maxima and minima (first derivative test motivated geometrically and second derivative test given as a provable tool). Simple problems (that illustrate basic principles and understanding of the subject as well as real life situations).
3. Integrals
20 Periods
Integration as inverse process of differentiation. Integration of a variety of functions by substitution, by partial fractions and by parts, Evaluation of simple integrals of the following types and problems based on them.
$$\int\frac{dx}{x^2 ± a^2}\int\frac{dx}{\sqrt{x^2 ± a^2}},\int\frac{dx}{\sqrt{x^2  a^2}},\int\frac{dx}{ax^2 +bx+c},\int\frac{dx}{\sqrt{ax^2 +bx+c}}\\\int\frac{px+q}{ax^2 +bx+c}dx,\int\frac{px+q}{\sqrt{ax^2 +bx+c}}dx,\int{\sqrt{a^2 +x^2}}dx,\int{\sqrt{x^2 a^2}}dx,\\\int{\sqrt{ax^2 +bx+c}}\space dx,$$
Fundamental Theorem of Calculus (without proof). Basic properties of definite integrals and evaluation of definite integrals.
4. Applications of the Integrals
15 Periods
Applications in finding the area under simple curves, especially lines, circles/ parabolas/ellipses (in standard form only)
5. Differential Equations
15 Periods
Definition, order and degree, general and particular solutions of a differential equation. Solution of differential equations by method of separation of variables, solutions of homogeneous differential equations of first order and first degree. Solutions of linear differential equation of the type:
$$\frac{dy}{dx}+py=q,\text{where p and q are functions of x or constants.}\\\frac{dx}{dy}+px=q,\text{where p and q are functions of y or constants.}$$
UnitIV:
Vectors and ThreeDimensional Geometry
1. Vectors
15 Periods
Vectors and scalars, magnitude and direction of a vector. Direction cosines and direction ratios of a vector. Types of vectors (equal, unit, zero, parallel and collinear vectors), position vector of a point, negative of a vector, components of a vector, addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio. Definition, Geometrical Interpretation, properties and application of scalar (dot) product of vectors, vector (cross) product of vectors.
2. Three  dimensional Geometry
15 Periods
Direction cosines and direction ratios of a line joining two points. Cartesian equation and vector equation of a line, skew lines, shortest distance between two lines. Angle between two lines.
UnitV:
Linear Programming
1. Linear Programming
20 Periods
Introduction, related terminology such as constraints, objective function, optimization, graphical method of solution for problems in two variables, feasible and infeasible regions (bounded or unbounded), feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal feasible solutions (up to three nontrivial constraints).
UnitVI:
Probability
1. Probability
30 Periods
Conditional probability, multiplication theorem on probability, independent events, total probability, Bayes’ theorem, Random variable and its probability distribution, mean of random variable.
CBSE Class 12 Mathematics Standard Question Paper Design 202425
Time: 3 Hours
Max. Marks: 80
S. 
Typology of Questions 
Total 
% 

1 
Remembering: Exhibit memory of previously learned material by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts, and answers. Understanding: Demonstrate understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions, and stating main ideas 
43 
54 
2 
Applying: Solve problems to new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a different way. 
20 
25 
3 
Analysing : Examine and break information into parts by identifying motives or causes. Make inferences and find evidence to support generalizations Evaluating: Present and defend opinions by making judgments about information, validity of ideas, or quality of work based on a set of criteria. Creating: Compile information together in a different way by combining elements in a new pattern or proposing alternative solutions 
16 
20 
Total 
80 
100 
Internal Assessment
Internal assessment  20 Marks 
Periodic Tests ( Best 2 out of 3 tests conducted)  10 Marks 
Mathematics Activities  10 Marks 
The Changes for Class 12 (202425) Yearend Board Examinations are as under:
(Class12)  
Periodic Assessment  Academic Session 202324  Academic Session 202425 
Composition of question paper for yearend examination/ Board Examination (Theory) 

