NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics

Gurukul By Oswal's NCERT Class 12 Physics NCERT Solutions is curated to help students of class 12 prepare for the upcoming academic year. The NCERT Solutions help students in various Class 12 Physics NCERT Solutions aspects. NCERT revises and updates its syllabus according to the needs and demands of the times. This year the NCERT class 12 Physics chapters promote various skills, including process, problem-solving abilities, and applications of Physics concepts/content that are useful in real-life situations for making Physics learning more relevant.

A highly-skilled team of subject matter experts curates the NCERT Solutions for all chapters of Physics class 12. Class 12 Physics solutions will help students understand the subject better and perform with flying colours. All the chapters for class 12 Physics are available for students to assess and comprehend. These solutions are free for students. NCERT Solutions for class 12 Physics is a must for students who get stuck in solving the equations and find it challenging to comprehend the subject in-depth. The NCERT Solutions answer all the class 12 physics chapters in a simple language and format.

Class 12 Physics NCERT Solutions

CBSE class 12 Physics Solutions are made with a lot of attentiveness. The subject matter experts have kept a student’s perspective as the top priority. Hence, the language used for Physics NCERT Solutions is easy to understand. Class 12 exercise solutions help students understand the concept thoroughly. Perusing class 12 physics solutions will help students fight all the jitters and fears around Physics. Class 12 is a crucial stage in anyone’s life; it is the stepping stone for students to tread the path they always dreamed of. Class 12 NCERT Physics solutions will help them gain confidence and expertise in Physics. 

With the help of Oswal Publishers' NCERT class 12 Physics solutions, students can plan their preparation as per the marking system and weightage of each topic. Physics NCERT solutions are the best reference material for class 12 students.

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter Brief

There are nine units in Class 12 NCERT Physics, with 14 chapters divided into two parts that help students understand the basic conceptual understanding of content. The NCERT class 12 Physics syllabus aims to provide better learning about the concept of Physics. This year the NCERT has focused on the expurgation of content in class 12 Physics all chapters. The move has been made following the National Education Policy (NEP), which aims to reduce the descriptive portion and provide suitable formulation appropriate to students' comprehension level. The NCERT Solutions for class 12 Physics is based on the units in Physics that are mentioned below:

Chapter 1: Electric Charges and Fields

The first chapter of the CBSE syllabus covers the entire scope of Electric charges and their conservation. The chapter would include topics like Electric Charge, Conductors and Insulators, Basic Properties of Electric Charge, Coulomb’s Law Forces between Multiple Charges, Electric Field Lines, Electric Flux, Electric Dipole, and more.

Chapter 2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

The second chapter further covers topics under Electrostatic and further introduces students to the world of electric charges. After a brief introduction about the electrostatic potential and capacitance, the chapter further delves into topics like Electrostatic Potential, Potential due to a Point Charge, Potential due to an Electric Dipole, Potential due to a System of Charges, Equipotential Surfaces, Potential Energy of a System of Charges, Potential Energy in an External Field, Electrostatics of Conductors and more.

Chapter 3: Current Electricity

Chapter 3 of class 12 Physics involves the in-depth study of Electric Current, the flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and more. The topics covered in this chapter are Electric Current, Electric Currents in Conductors, Ohm’s Law, Drift of Electrons and the Origin of Resistivity of Various Materials, Temperature Dependence of Resistivity, and more.

Chapter 4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

This chapter deals with the concept of the magnetic field. The chapter in class 12 Physics covers topics like Magnetic Force, Motion in a Magnetic Field, Magnetic Field due to a Current Element, Biot-Savart Law, Magnetic Field on the Axis of a Circular Current Loop, Ampere’s Circuital Law, The Solenoid, Force between Two Parallel Currents, the Ampere and more.

Chapter 5: Magnetism and Matter

The class 12 Physics chapter begins with an introduction followed by topics like The Bar Magnet, Magnetism and Gauss’s Law, Magnetisation and Magnetic Intensity, and Magnetic Properties of Materials.

Chapter 6: Electromagnetic Induction

The chapter covers important experiments of Faraday and Henry, including Magnetic Flux, Faraday’s Law and Conservation of Energy, Motional Electromotive Force, Inductance, and AC Generator. 

Chapter 7: Alternating Current 

It is a more detailed description of electromagnetic induction with topics like AC Voltage Applied to a Resistor, Representation of AC Current and Voltage by Rotating Vectors – Phasors, and more.

Unit V: Electromagnetic Waves

Chapter 8: Electromagnetic Waves

The chapter revolves around electromagnetic waves and their characteristics. It also explains the nature of electromagnetic waves under topics like Displacement Current, Electromagnetic Waves, and Electromagnetic Spectrum.

Unit VI: Optics

Chapter 9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments 

This chapter in Part II of class 12 NCERT physics covers the phenomena of reflection, refraction, and dispersion of light using the ray picture of light. This will make students understand the fundamental laws of reflection and refraction while describing the construction and working of some essential optical instruments, including the human eye. 

Chapter 10: Wave Optics

Chapter 10 of class 12 Physics NCERT will cover the original formulation of the Huygens Principle and derive the laws of reflection and refraction. The chapter is further divided into sections covering the phenomenon of interference, the phenomenon of diffraction, and the phenomenon of polarisation.

Unit VII: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Chapter 11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter 

The chapter will delve into Maxwell’s equations of electromagnetism and Hertz experiments on the generation and detection of electromagnetic waves. The topics covered include Electron Emission, Photoelectric Effect, Experimental Study of Photoelectric Effect, Photoelectric Effect and Wave Theory of Light, Einstein’s Photoelectric Equation: Energy Quantum of Radiation, Particle Nature of Light: The Photon, and Wave Nature of Matter.

Unit VIII: Atoms and Nuclei

Chapter 12: Atoms

Chapter 12 of class 12 NCERT Physics will start with an introduction where a snippet about the experiments in the 19th century is mentioned. Names like JJ Thomson, Ernst Rutherford, and Johann Jakob Balmer are mentioned. The chapter covers Alpha-particle Scattering and Rutherford’s Nuclear Model of Atom, Atomic Spectra, Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom, and The Line Spectra of the Hydrogen Atom, and DE Brogile’s Explanation of Bohr’s Second Postulate of Quantisation.

Chapter 13: Nuclei

This chapter will answer some crucial questions like Does the nucleus have a structure, just like the atom? If so, what are the constituents of the nucleus? How are these held together? This chapter will give an insight into the various properties of nuclei, such as their size, mass, and stability, and also associated nuclear phenomena such as radioactivity, fission, and fusion.

Unit IX: Electronic Devices

Chapter 14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices, and Simple Circuits 

The last chapter of the class 12 NCERT Physics syllabus will cover the basic concepts of semiconductor physics. Semiconductor devices like junction diodes (a 2-electrode device) and bipolar junction transistors are also discussed in this chapter. Along with that, a few circuits illustrating their applications will also be described.

CBSE Class 12 Physics Chapter-wise Marking Scheme - 2023-24

The practical and internal assessment carries a weightage of 30 marks:

S. No Topic Weightage
Unit I Electrostatics 10 Marks
Chapter 1 Electric Charges and Fields
Chapter 2 Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
Unit II Current Electricity 6 Marks
Chapter 3 Current Electricity
Unit III Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism 8 Marks
Chapter 4 Moving Charges and Magnetism
Chapter 5 Magnetism and Matter
Unit IV Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents 9 Marks
Chapter 6 Electromagnetics Induction
Chapter 7 Alternating Current
Unit V Electromagnetic Waves 2 Marks
Chapter 8 Electromagnetic Waves
Unit VI Optics 16 Marks
Chapter 9 Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Chapter 10 Wave Optics
Unit VII Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter 4 Marks
Chapter 11 Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Unit VIII Atoms and Nuclei 8 Marks
Chapter 12 Atoms
Chapter 13 Nuclei
Unit IX Electronic Devices 7 Marks
Chapter 14 Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
Total 70 Marks
Internal Assessment Weightage
Identification of Apparatus 5 Marks
Written Test 10 Marks
Practical Record 5 Marks
Viva 10 Marks
Total 30 Marks

Key Features of Class 12 Physics NCERT Solutions

The class 12 Physics NCERT Solutions by Oswal Publishers are preferred by students for its free accessibility and easy-to-understand language. Our subject matter experts prepare each study material accurately and precisely, making it popular among students. With NCERT Solutions for class 12 Physics, students can easily prepare for their academic year without pressure. Here are some of the critical features of class 12 Physics NCERT Solutions:

Free NCERT Solution for Class 12 Physics: The NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics are free. Students can access the NCERT solution without any subscription fee. The solutions are meant to help students prepare for their exams for 2025. The NCERT solutions are created to tone down the complexity and make the theories of Physics easy to comprehend.

Easy Accessibility: The NCERT Solutions for class 12 Physics can be accessed anytime. All you need to do is visit our website, click the Class 12 Physics NCERT Solutions, and explore the equations you have always struggled with.

NCERT Solutions by Highly-skilled Experts: The NCERT Solutions are created by highly-skilled experts with knowledge and understanding of Physics. Physics as a subject can be a little troublesome for many students. Our experts have curated the solutions to solve that issue. The solutions for class 12 Physics are not complex and strictly based on the exam pattern and marks weightage of the CBSE board.

FAQs on Class 12 Physics NCERT Solutions

Ans: Class 12 Physics is not difficult for students at all. NCERT has designed the syllabus in an easy-to-understand language. Students who have been studying Physics since class 10 will not find it difficult if the concepts are clear to them. With NCERT Solutions, there will be no requirement for any 12th physics guide.

Ans: Class 12 is a crucial phase in every student’s life. This is the pedestal from which they will begin their life journey on their own. The academics can take a toll on some students but worry not. Students who struggle with Physics as a subject can benefit from NCERT Solutions.

  • With the NCERT solution in Physics, students can easily understand the concepts.
  • They can prepare as per the exam pattern and marks weightage.
  • The solution in Physics for all chapters can help them review themselves before their exams.
  • You do not need to go back to your book each time. Just open your mobile/desktop and click on the NCERT solutions for class 12 Physics, and you are sorted.

Ans: There are 14 chapters in the nine units of the NCERT Physics syllabus. The CBSE class 12 textbook is divided into two parts. You can access the class 12 physics chapters list on the official website of CBSE.

Ans: All the chapters in class 12 Physics carry certain marks weightage. It is advisable to review the marking pattern and prepare each chapter accordingly. Students can also access sample papers and can practice through mock test papers.

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