CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2023-24

CBSE has released the Latest Updated Syllabus for the New Academic Session 2023-24 on March 31st, 2023, for class 12.

CBSE Board has released the latest Class 12 Physics syllabus which is to be strictly followed. Below please find our detailed analysis of Board Paper pattern, Unit-wise summary for the New Session 2023-24.

We have also updated Oswal Gurukul Books as per the Latest Paper Pattern prescribed by Board for each Subject Curriculum.

Students can directly access the CBSE Physics Syllabus for Class 12 of the academic year 2023-24 by clicking on the link below.

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CBSE Class 12 Physics Latest Syllabus 2023-24

Time: 3 hrs.

Max Marks: 70

    No. of Periods MARKS
Unit–I Electrostatics 26 16
  Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields
  Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
Unit-II Current Electricity 18
  Chapter–3: Current Electricity
Unit-III Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism 25 17
  Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism
  Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter
Unit-IV Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents 24
  Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction
  Chapter–7: Alternating Current
Unit–V Electromagnetic Waves 04 18
  Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves
Unit–VI Optics 30
  Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
  Chapter–10: Wave Optics
Unit–VII Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter 8 12
  Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Unit–VIII Atoms and Nuclei 15
  Chapter–12: Atoms
  Chapter–13: Nuclei
Unit–IX Electronic Devices 10 7
  Chapter–14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
Total 160 70

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2023-24: Unit-wise Summary

Unit I: Electrostatics

26 Periods

Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields

Electric charges, Conservation of charge, Coulomb's law-force between two- point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in uniform electric field.

Electric flux, statement of Gauss's theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside).

Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two-point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.

Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor (no derivation, formulae only).

Unit II: Current Electricity

18 Periods

Chapter–3: Current Electricity

Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm's law, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity, temperature dependence of resistance, Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel, Kirchhoff's rules, Wheatstone bridge.

Unit III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

25 Periods

Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

Concept of magnetic field, Oersted's experiment.

Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.

Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire. Straight solenoid (only qualitative treatment), force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.

Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere, torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, moving coil galvanometer- its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter

Bar magnet, bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid (qualitative treatment only), magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis (qualitative treatment only), torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field (qualitative treatment only), magnetic field lines.

Magnetic properties of materials- Para-, dia- and ferro - magnetic substances with examples, Magnetization of materials,
effect of temperature on magnetic properties.

Unit IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

24 Periods

Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction

Electromagnetic induction; Faraday's laws, induced EMF and current;
Lenz's Law, Self and mutual induction.

Chapter–7: Alternating Current

Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage;
reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit (phasors only), resonance, power in AC circuits, power factor, wattless current.
AC generator, Transformer.

Unit V: Electromagnetic waves

04 Periods

Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves

Basic idea of displacement current, Electromagnetic waves, their characteristics, their transverse nature (qualitative idea only).
Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.

Unit VI: Optics

30 Periods

Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

Ray Optics: Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula, refraction of light, total internal reflection and optical fibers, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens maker’s formula, magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact, refraction of light through a prism.

Optical instruments: Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

Chapter–10: Wave Optics

Wave optics: Wave front and Huygen’s principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle. Interference, Young's double slit experiment and expression for fringe width (No derivation final expression only), coherent sources and sustained interference of light,
diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maxima (qualitative treatment only).

Unit VII: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

08 Periods

Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Dual nature of radiation, Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's photoelectric equation-particle nature of light.

Experimental study of photoelectric effect Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de-Broglie relation.

Unit VIII: Atoms and Nuclei

15 Periods

Chapter–12: Atoms

Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model of hydrogen atom, Expression for radius of nth possible orbit, velocity and energy of electron in nth orbit, hydrogen line spectra (qualitative treatment only).

Chapter–13: Nuclei

Composition and size of nucleus, nuclear force Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission, nuclear fusion.

Unit IX: Electronic Devices

10 Periods

Chapter–14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits

Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative ideas only) Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors- p and n type, p-n junction Semiconductor diode - I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, application of junction diode -diode as a rectifier.

Evaluation Scheme for Examination

Time 3 hours

Max. Marks: 30

Evaluation Scheme for Examination Marks
Two experiments one from each section 7+7 Marks
Practical record [experiments and activities] 5 Marks
One activity from any section 3 Marks
Investigatory Project 3 Marks
Viva on experiments, activities and project 5 Marks
Total 30 MARKS

CBSE Class 12 Physics Question Paper Design 2023-24

Maximum Marks: 70

Duration: 3 hrs.

S No.

Typology of Questions

Total Marks

Approximate Percentage


Remembering : Exhibit memory of previously learned material by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts, and answers.

Understanding : Demonstrate understanding of facts and
ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting,
giving descriptions, and stating main ideas


38 %


Applying : Solve problems to new situations by applying
acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a
different way.




Analysing : Examine and break information into parts by
identifying motives or causes. Make inferences and find
evidence to support generalizations

Present and defend opinions by making judgments about
information, validity of ideas, or quality of work based on
a set of criteria.

Creating :
Compile information together in a different way by
combining elements in a new pattern or proposing
alternative solutions.



Total Marks





Gross Total


The Changes for Class 12 (2023-24) Year-end Board Examinations are as under:

Particulars Academic Session 2022-23 Academic Session 2023-24
Composition of question paperyear-end examination/ Board Examination (Theory)
  • Competency Based Questions are 30% in the form of Multiple-Choice Questions, Case Based Questions, Source Based Integrated Questions or any other type.
  • Objective Question are 20%
  • Remaining 50% Questions are Short Answer/Long Answer Questions
  • Competency Focused Questions in the form of MCQs/Case Based Questions, Source-based Integrated Questions or any other type = 40%
  • Select response type questions(MCQ) = 20%
  • Constructed response questions (Short Answer Questions/Long Answer type Questions, as per existing pattern) = 40%

2022-23 Reduced Syllabus

(for reference purposes only)

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