CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2023-24

CBSE has released the Latest Updated Syllabus for the New Academic Session 2023-24 on March 31st, 2023, for class 12.

CBSE Board has released the latest Class 12 Geography syllabus which is to be strictly followed. Below please find our detailed analysis of Board Paper pattern, Unit-wise summary for the New Session 2023-24.

We have also updated Oswal Gurukul Books as per the Latest Paper Pattern prescribed by Board for each Subject Curriculum.

Students can directly access the CBSE Geography Syllabus for Class 12 of the academic year 2023-24 by clicking on the link below.

PDF download links to the latestย Class 12 Geography Syllabus for 2023-24 academic session

Please Click on Download Now

CBSE Class 12 Geography Latest Syllabus 2023-24

Fundamental of Human Geography

Chapter No. Chapter Name No. of periods Weightage
Unit I
1 Human Geography 7 3
Unit II
2 The World Population Density Distribution and Growth 9 8
3 Human Development 7
Unit III
4 Primary Activities 12 19
5 Secondary Activities 10
6 Tertiary and Quaternary Activities 10
7 Transport, Communication and Trade 15
8 International Trade 10
Map Work (Based on identification of features on World Political Map) 10 5
Total 90 35

India People and Economy

Chapter No. Chapter Name No. of periods Weightage
Unit I
1 Population Distribution Density Growth and Composition 10 5
Unit II
2 Human Settlements 8 3
Unit III
3 Land Resources and Agriculture 9 10
4 Water Resources 9
5 Mineral And Energy Resources 9
6 Planning and Sustainable Development in Indian Context 7
Unit IV
7 Transport and Communication 11 7
8 International Trade 9
Unit V
9 Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems 8 5
Map Work (Based on Marking and labelling on a political Map of India) 10 5
Total 90 35

Geography Practical-II

Chapter No. Chapter Name No. of periods Weightage
1 Data-its source and Compilation 5 18
2 Data Processing 18
3 Graphical representation of Data 15
4 Spatial Information Technology 12 7
Practical Record Book and Viva Voce 5
Total 40 30

Internal Assessment Marks
  • A practical file must be prepared by students covering all the topics prescribed in the practical syllabus.
  • The file should be completely handwritten with a cover page, index page and acknowledgment.
  • All statistical diagrams and maps should be drawn neatly with appropriate headings, scale, index etc. Data to draw statistical diagrams can be taken from the NCERT text book or Census.
  • The practical file will be assessed both by the internal and external examiners at the time of CBSE practical examinations.
  • A written exam of 25 marks will be conducted based on the above given practical syllabus on the day of the practical exam.
  • Viva will be conducted based on practical syllabus only.
Written Exam 25 Marks
Practical file 02 Marks
Viva 03 Marks

The Changes for Class 12 (2023-24) Year-end Board Examinations are as under:

Particulars Academic Session 2022-23 Academic Session 2023-24
Composition of question paperyear-end examination/ Board Examination (Theory)
  • Competency Based Questions are 30% in the form of Multiple-Choice Questions, Case Based Questions, Source Based Integrated Questions or any other type.
  • Objective Question are 20%
  • Remaining 50% Questions are Short Answer/Long Answer Questions
  • Competency Focused Questions in the form of MCQs/Case Based Questions, Source-based Integrated Questions or any other type = 40%
  • Select response type questions(MCQ) = 20%
  • Constructed response questions (Short Answer Questions/Long Answer type Questions, as per existing pattern) = 40%

2022-23 Reduced Syllabus

(for reference purposes only)

Share page on

The dot mark โ—‰ field are mandatory, So please fill them in carefully
To download the complete Syllabus (PDF File), Please fill & submit the form below.