Print Culture And The Modern World Class 10 Notes History Chapter 5
What are Print Culture and the Modern World?
The first printed books
The earliest print technology was developed in China, Japan and Korea. From 594 AD onwards, books were printed in China by rubbing paper against the inked surface of woodblocks.
For a very long time, the imperial state of China was the major producer of printed material. The Chinese bureaucratic system recruited its personnel through civil service examinations. The imperial state sponsored the large scale printing of textbooks for this examination.
By the seventeenth century, the use of print diversified in China because of a blooming urban culture.
Print in the world
Print in Japan : The Buddhist missionaries from China introduced hand-printing technology into Japan around 768-770 AD. The Buddhist Diamond Sutra which was printed in 868 AD was the oldest Japanese book.
Advent of print in Europe : Marco Polo was a great explorer from Italy. He returned from China in 1295 and brought the knowledge of woodblock printing along with him. By the early fifteenth century, the woodblock printing replaced the books made by calligraphy.
Gutenberg and the Printing Press :
The Print Revolution and its Influence :
Religious discourse and fear of Print :
The Reading Mania :
Print culture and french revolution
Print Culture : Print popularised the ideas of Enlightenment thinkers. These thinkers gave critical commentary on tradition, superstition and despotism. Voltaire and Rousseau were among the prominent enlightenment thinkers.
The Nineteenth Century Print Culture :
Further Innovations : Richard M. Hoe of New York perfected the power-driven cylindrical press by the mid-nineteenth century. This could print 8,000 sheets per hour. Many other innovations took place during this period. All the innovations had a cumulative effect which improved the appearance of printed texts.