Gender Religion And Caste Class 10 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 4
What are Gender, Religion and Caste?
Women are supposed to raise children and take care of the home. They do the household chores like cleaning, washing and cooking. These activities are not venerated. Men do not take part in household activities. They do cooking and tailoring in return for money.
The protest and agitations are aimed at enhancing legal and political status of women and to provide women with better work opportunities. This involves radical women’s movements to improve the condition of women in personal and family life as well. All these protests and movements together constitute the Feminist movements. Political mobilisation has helped in improving the condition of women. In countries like Sweden, Finland and Norway, women’s participation in public life is extraordinary.
Political representation of women
Caste and politics
Caste in politics
Parties consider caste as one of the most important criteria while choosing candidates for elections. They consider the caste composition of a constituency before declaring their candidates. People vote for their religion and caste in elections and sometimes fail in choosing the right candidate. Political parties and candidates in elections make appeals to caste sentiment to muster support. Some political parties are known to favour some castes and are seen as theirrepresentatives.
Politics in caste
During elections, each caste tries to widen their reach by including other sub-castes and neighbouring castes. New castes like backward and forward caste groups have come up in the political arena. Caste politics have helped the Dalits and Other Backward Castes as now they hold an important place in the political realm.