Outcomes Of Democracy Class 10 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 7

What are Outcomes of Democracy?

Democracy is a better form of government

  • It promotes equality among the citizens.
  • It helps to provide social justice to the individuals.
  • It helps in improving the quality of decision-making in the favour of all the citizens equally.
  • It offers a way for resolving conflicts peacefully and through constitutional methods.
  • It gives chances for rectifying mistakes.

Salient features of an ideal democratic government : accountability, responsibility and legitimacy

  • A democratic government is accountable to its citizens and is responsive to the needs and expectations of the citizens.
  • It ensures that decision-making will be based on certain norms and procedures mentioned in the constitution.
  • Every citizen has the right to examine the process of decision-making as the government is responsible to its citizens.
  • A democratic government provides mechanisms for citizens to hold the government accountable for its misdoings and for the citizens to take part in the decision-making process.
  • It is largely free from corruption.
  • It is a legitimate form of government whose right to rule and authority are recognised and accepted by its citizens.
  • It reduces economic disparities to ensure social justice to all the citizens.

Objectives of a democratic system

  • To reduce economic disparities.
  • To ensure political equality.
  • To eliminate social disparities.
  • To ensure social justice.
  • To provide equal rights and liberties to all the citizens.

accommodation of social diversity

  • Resolving tensions between different social groups peacefully.
  • Giving equal rights to the majority and minority groups to reduce social differences.
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  • 1. Democracy : Democracy is a form of government in which people elect their representatives. In this way, ‘It is the government, of the people, for the people and by the people’.
  • 2. Dictatorship : Dictatorship refers to a form of government in which the ruler enjoys absolute power without any constitutional limitations.
  • 3. Majority : Majority refers to greater part or larger in number; i.e., more than half.
  • 4. Minority : Minority refers to smaller part or less in number, i.e., less than half.
  • 5. Legitimate government: A legitimate government is one under which law and action of the government are revealed to the people and there is transparency in the working of the government.
  • 6. Negotiation: Negotiation refers to a discussion with an objective to reach a state of agreement.
  • 7. Accountability: Accountability refers to the state of being responsible or liable for the actions taken. A democratic government is accountable to the public for its actions.
  • 8. Disparity: Disparity refers to inequality or social difference.
  • 9. Social diversity: Social diversity refers to existence of different groups based on caste, religion, race, opinions, etc.
  • 10. Dignity: Dignity refers to the state of being worthy of honour or respect.
  • 11. Atrocities: Atrocities refer to extreme heinous cruelty, which includes physical violence.