What are Reproductive Health?
WHO has defined as a total well-being in all aspects of reproduction, i.e., physical, emotional, behavioural & social.
Reproductive Health Programs
How Has The Government Taken Measures?
It is a technique used to find out chromosomal abnormalities in embryo by using amniotic fluid. It is misused to determine the sex of foetus.
Population Explosion & Birth Control
Side Effects Of Contraceptive Method
Voluntary termination of pregnancy before full term is called Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) or Induced Abortion. MTP is done to get rid of unwanted pregnancies.
Assisted Reproductive Technologies are special techniques that assist couples to have children. Various types of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) include:
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
Ideal Contraceptive: User friendly, effective, easily available, least side effects and do not interfere with the sexual desire.
Sperms and ovum are prevented from physically meeting with the help of some barriers such as:
Intra Ut erine Devices (IUD’S)
Devices inserted in uterus. e.g. Cu T, Cu7, Multiload 375, Lippes loop.
Zygote Intra Fallopian Transfer (ZIFT)
The zygote with 8 blastomeres can be transferred into the fallopian tube.
Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
Sperm is directly injected into the ovum to form an embryo in the lab.
Gamete Intra Fallopian Tube (GIFT)
Transfer of an ovum collected from a donor into the fallopian tube of another female who cannot produce ovum.
Artificial Insemination (AI)
In the technique, the semen collected either from the husband or a healthy donor is artificially introduced into the vagina or into the uterus. It is used when sperm count is low.