Resources And Development Class 10 Notes Geography: Chapter 1

What are Resources and Development?

  • 1. Resources: Everything that is present in our surroundings which can be used to satisfy our needs, provided it is technologically accessible, economically feasible and culturally acceptable can be termed as resources.
  • 2. Biotic Resources: Resources obtained from the environment are called Biotic resources. For example—trees, animals and insects.
  • 3. Non-Renewable Resources: Resources which cannot be renewed or reproduced by any physical, chemical or mechanical process are known as Non-Renewable resources. For example—water, wind and tidal energy.
  • 4. Individual Resources: Resources owned by individuals are called Individual Resources. For example—land owned by farmers and houses.
  • 5. National Owned Resources: Resources owned by an individual nation are called national resources. For example—Government land, roads, canals and railways.
  • 6. International Resources: Resources that are regulated or governed by an international body are called International resources.
  • For example—Ocean and sea beyond 200 km of the Exclusive Economic Zone is called an International resource. No individual country can utilise these resources without the permission of International bodies.
  • 7. Developed Resources: Resources which are developed and surveyed for utilisation are called developed resources. These resources are used in present time.
  • 8. Resource Planning: A technique or skill of proper utilisation of resources available in a country is called Resource planning.
  • 9. Soil Formation: The factors that contribute to the formation and fertility of the soil are parent rocks, climate, and plant, animal and local topography. These soils are made out of rocks. (These rocks disintegrate and decompose under the processes of weathering and erosion.
  • 10. Soil Erosion: The removal of soil from one place to another by some natural agent is called soil erosion. Conservation of lands and plantation of trees are the methods adopted to reduce soil erosion.