Resources And Development Class 10 Notes Geography: Chapter 1

What are Resources and Development?

(i) Abiotic resources Animals and Trees.
(ii) Renewable resources Solar and wind energy.
(iii) Community resources Parks and ponds.
(iv) Potential resources Rajasthan and Gujarat receive plenty of solar energy and have plenty of wind energy, but use of these resources so far has not been developed properly.
(v) Stock Water is made of oxygen and hydrogen, which can be used as fuel, but because of lack of proper technology these are not being used.
(vi) Reserve River water which is not used to generate electricity.
(vii) States which are rich in black soil Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.
(viii) States where red soil is found Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.
(ix) States where laterite soil is found Karnataka and Kerala.
(x) States where mountain soil is found Himachal Pradesh and Arunachal Pradesh.
1. Resources: Everything that is present in our surroundings which can be used to satisfy our needs, provided it is technologically accessible, economically feasible and culturally acceptable can be termed as resources. 6. International Resources: Resources that are regulated or governed by an international body are called International resources.
For example—Ocean and sea beyond 200 km of the Exclusive Economic Zone is called an International resource. No individual country can utilise these resources without the permission of International bodies.
2. Biotic Resources: Resources obtained from the environment are called Biotic resources. For example—trees, animals and insects. 7. Developed Resources: Resources which are developed and surveyed for utilisation are called developed resources. These resources are used in present time.
3. Non-Renewable Resources: Resources which cannot be renewed or reproduced by any physical, chemical or mechanical process are known as Non-Renewable resources. For example—water, wind and tidal energy. 8. Resource Planning: A technique or skill of proper utilisation of resources available in a country is called Resource planning.
4. Individual Resources: Resources owned by individuals are called Individual Resources. For example—land owned by farmers and houses. 9. Soil Formation: The factors that contribute to the formation and fertility of the soil are parent rocks, climate, and plant, animal and local topography. These soils are made out of rocks. (These rocks disintegrate and decompose under the processes of weathering and erosion.
5. National Owned Resources: Resources owned by an individual nation are called national resources. For example—Government land, roads, canals and railways. 10. Soil Erosion: The removal of soil from one place to another by some natural agent is called soil erosion. Conservation of lands and plantation of trees are the methods adopted to reduce soil erosion.