NCERT Solutions For Class 12 Geography Part B Chapter 1 Population: Distribution, Density, Growth and Composition
Q. Choose the right answers of the followings from the given options.
(i) India’s population as per 2011 census is :
(ii) Which one of the following states has the highest density of population in India ?
(iii) Which one of the following states has the highest proportion of urban population in India according to 2011 Census ?
Q. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.
(i) Very hot and dry, very cold and wet regions of India have low density of population. In this light, explain the role of climate on the distribution of population.
(ii) Which states have large rural population in India? Give one reason for such large rural population.
Ans. States like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim and Rajasthan are the states having large rural population.
These states are largely engaged in primary sector and its allied activity and have low levels of economic and social development, hence a slower infrastructural development process which further inhibits urbanisation.
(iii) Why do some states of India have higher rates of work participation than others?
Ans. The work participation rate means, the number of people engaged in economic activity. Some of state in India such as Uttrakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Andhra etc., tend to have higher work participation rates.
The work participation rates tends to be higher in these area of lower level of economic development and technological advancement therefore the number of manual workers is needed to perform the subsistence or near subsistence economic activities in the absence of other opportunities.
(iv) ‘The agricultural sector has the largest share of Indian workers.’ Explain.
Q. Answer the following questions in about 150 words.
(i) Discuss the spatial pattern of density of population in India.
(ii) Give an account of the occupational structure of India’s population.